Special report:
Eyes on the Fed Full coverage
The Bernanke panic
Rate hikes by the Fed and other central banks have spooked investors around the world. Has the selling been overdone?
By Chris Isidore, CNNMoney.com senior writer

NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) - Ben Bernanke isn't just scaring U.S. investors anymore. He's scaring investors around the world.

The recent stock market sell-off accelerated Thursday as investors from Jakarta to Bombay, and from Tokyo to Frankfurt to Wall Street, headed for the exits.

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Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke has confused some investors with his comments about inflation and rates.
Fed in focus:
Weaker-than-expected payroll number, coupled with slow wage increase, could allow central bank to pause rate hikes in June. (more)
10-year Treasury yield slips below fed funds rate for first time since last recession, sparking debate about economy, Fed rate policy. (more)
Everyone's been waiting to see what the central bank will do next. The minutes from the last meeting aren't much help. (more)

The worry? That the Federal Reserve, and other central banks, might stall economic growth around the world in their bid to quell inflation.

"Rising interest rates and rising inflation have never been market friendly," said Peter Cardillo, chief market strategist SW Bach. "Global interest rates obviously will dampen global economic activity."

The global rate hiking pandemic started battering stock markets large and small last month, after the Fed raised rates for the 16th straight time, and suggested more rate hikes might be coming. (Full story).

Stock markets at home and abroad have tumbled since that time, with losses running as high as 14 percent for some major indexes, while emerging markets like Bombay and Jakarta have lost from 16 to 26 percent.

"There's a risk that the Fed could make a mistake and raise rates too high, and the worst effects of those fears are being felt in emerging markets and small cap stocks at home right now," said David Joy, chief market strategist for RiverSource, the asset management firm of Ameriprise Financial.

Rate worries spread

The rate hike watch turned overseas Thursday, as the European Central Bank, as well as the central banks in South Korea and India hiked rates, with the rise in India coming between scheduled meetings.

The Bank of Japan has signaled its ready to move away from its essentially zero-interest rate policy of recent years, while more hawkish comments on inflation from new Fed Chairman Bernanke and other policy-makers have raised expectations the Fed will hike rates at its June meeting, and perhaps beyond.

Rate futures at the Chicago Board of Trade, which reflect traders' bets on where the Fed's going on rates, showed a 76 percent chance of another quarter-percentage point hike at the June meeting, up from less than 50 percent on Friday, when a sluggish May jobs report fanned hopes the Fed might pause.

Still, most economists contacted Thursday said they don't think rates are rising high enough to cause a global recession - or even a global bear market - despite the recent sell-off in stock and commodity markets.

"Over the long term equities will be able to absorb the higher rates because (economic) growth is so strong," said Gina Martin, economist with Wachovia.

Some of the fall in the last month is due to investors getting ahead of themselves in betting that the Fed would be done raising rates at its May meeting.

Betting on a rebound

And some economists and market strategists believe that when the Fed does eventually pause later this year, growth will still be enough to help stocks rebound around the world.

"Emerging equities went on quite a tear at the beginning of the year, as investors around the world got very comfortable in April with the idea that the Fed was going to be on hold," said Martin. "It was logical there would be a correction."

Joy at RiverSource agreed, saying that even with rate hikes, strong growth in economies like China and India are likely to keep demand strong for the products of many emerging economies, such as copper, iron and other commodities.

"We think that global growth will remain relatively healthy," said Joy. "This is more of a correction at this point. It could develop into something more serious if central banks, particularly the Fed, misstep and turn a soft landing into a hard landing. But we don't see that happening."

But others say that the rate tightening itself could pose problems for equities, particularly in emerging markets, even if there isn't a serious global economic slowdown.

"Emerging markets have been one of the asset classes that have benefited the most by the excess liquidity that has been sloshing around the globe due to very low interest rates in the U.S., Europe and Asia," said Christian Stracke, head of emerging markets research at Creditsights, an independent financial research firm.

"It wasn't really the strength of the global economy that drove investors into emerging markets. And it's unlikely they'll rebound significantly in the medium to near term."

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Fed's Kohn: Inflation numbers raise 'warning flag'

Execs worried about economy Top of page

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Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer.

Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved.

Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved.

Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC 2014 and/or its affiliates.