NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- Consumer borrowing dropped in February, after increasing for the first time in a year during the previous month, according to a government report released Wednesday.
Total consumer credit fell a seasonally adjusted $11.5 billion, at an annual rate of 5.6%, to $2.448 trillion in February, the Federal Reserve reported.
Economists predicted a decline in total borrowing of $0.7 billion in February, according to a consensus estimate from Briefing.com.
"February's decline reflects on the still dire state of the economy," said Yasmine Kamaruddin, an economic analyst at Wells Fargo.
"Even if we have seen retail sales and personal expenditure increase in past months, we haven't seen these gains translate into the use of credit because consumers faced with unemployment and slow wage and salary growth are still shying away from taking on credit," she added.
The decline was led by a 13% annual rate drop in revolving credit, which includes credit card debt.
"It looks as though the credit card market is still in the doldrums," said Kamaruddin. "Commercial banks significantly decreased their holding of revolving credit in February, indicating a charge-off on their parts."
Nonrevolving credit, which includes car, student and personal loans, also fell. It declined by $2 billion, or a 1.6% annual rate, to $1.59 trillion.
January's figure was upwardly revised to show an increase of $10.6 billion in total consumer borrowing from December. The Fed had previously reported a $5 billion rise in January, the first increase in a year.
"The pop last month didn't really reflect the consumer," said Kamaruddin. "It was really due to the federal government's holding of nonrevolving credit, since they were buying up more student loans from private lenders."
Therefore, Kamaruddin expects consumer credit to return to its downward trend and continue to edge lower throughout the year.
"I expect more declines, but smaller declines, as we progress throught the recovery," she said. "We'll have to wait for employment prospects to improve and be sustained before consumers will feel confident enough to build up credit and purchase more."
Last week, a report from the Labor Department showed that the U.S. added 162,000 jobs in March, while the national unemployment rate remained unchanged at 9.7%.
On Facebook, you are the product. Advertisers are the customer. More
The Federal Reserve is all but certain to lift interest rates when Jerome Powell takes the helm of his first meeting as chairman later this week. More
"It's like competing in an Olympic race wearing lead shoes," Elon Musk, referring to trade rules with China, tweeted to President Donald Trump. More
In 1998, Ntsiki Biyela won a scholarship to study wine making. Now she's about to launch her own brand. More
The bold new world where companies help you freeze eggs, find a surrogate and more. More