NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- Wall Street's key volatility measure hit a more than six-month high Thursday on fears of a European debt crisis and slowing global growth.
The CBOE Volatility (VIX) index, or the VIX, jumped as much as 13% Thursday to 28.50, before pulling back a bit to close at 24.91.
The high was the greatest peak since the close of November 3 and up 81% since April 12, when the VIX was trading at its lowest level in nearly three years.
Markets were rattled Wednesday after ratings agency Moody's placed Portugal's debt ratings on review for a potential downgrade, one week after Standard & Poor's cut the country's ratings. The fear accelerated Thursday after the Dow lost 200 points, the price of gold topped $1,200 and the euro fell to a 14-month low.
Investors also continued to worry that the $146 billion aid package for Greece won't be enough to stave off bigger debt problems in Europe.
"When we finally did address the Greece situation, the market doesn't believe it or just thinks that there's another shoe about to drop," said Joseph Saluzzi, co-head of equity trading at Themis Trading.
Greece is a member of the so-called PIIGS, a collection of five debt-laden European nations. Many investors fear that Spain and Portugal could be two of the next countries to need financial assistance. Italy and Ireland are the other two countries.
"This is not an isolated situation, because if it was just one country, the market would get over it," Saluzzi said. "It looks like we're now going to see the ramifications of this."
But it's not just concern over sovereign debt that's causing the VIX to surge, said Saluzzi.
"At this point there are just so many issues out there," he said. "You can pick anything, whether it's any country in Europe, the oil spill, volcanic ash or Goldman Sachs -- the market is having a hard time."
|Overnight Avg Rate||Latest||Change||Last Week|
|30 yr fixed||3.62%||3.69%|
|15 yr fixed||2.77%||2.80%|
|30 yr refi||3.61%||3.69%|
|15 yr refi||2.76%||2.83%|
Today's featured rates:
Investors need someone they can bring home to mother instead of bad boys (or girls) that may make their heart beat faster. Boring beats bold in this market. Here are 10 dependable stocks we love. Southwest (ticker symbol: LUV) is one. More
Cheap oil and slow global growth may not be the only culprits of the global market turmoil. There's growing concern that central banks are spooking the markets too. More
Women coders do better than men in a gender-blind study that examines GitHub requests. More
Why is Donald Trump missing from Bleacher Creatures' new line of presidential candidates plush dolls? More