Secret #7: Protect the future you

By Penelope Wang, senior writer


As you age your brain undergoes subtle changes that can affect how you manage money. For example, you'll probably become more optimistic -- a phenomenon known as the positivity effect. In hunter-gatherer days, when you got older, you were no longer called upon to grab a spear and defend the tribe. "You no longer needed to be so focused on all the things that could go wrong," says Laura Carstensen, director of the Stanford Center on Longevity.

Hey, what's wrong with a little optimism? It's one reason old folks tend to be happier than younger ones, according to recent studies. But the positivity effect can also make the 2030 you -- or maybe your parents right now -- less attuned to threats and therefore more vulnerable to scammers.

It's not that older people find the idea of losing money any easier, but that they're more likely to think, "That nice young man would never cheat me."

The more serious risk, of course, is an outright decline in mental abilities. New studies show that this decline is more common than you may realize. After 60, the rate of dementia doubles every five years. By the time they reach their mid-eighties, half of people have some cognitive impairment.

Yet older people are increasingly expected to manage their portfolios on their own -- a fact that has helped make cognitive decline a hot topic among behavioral scientists. Facing the risks now, while you're at the peak of your powers, is a good thing, says Harvard economics professor David Laibson: It means you can act today to protect yourself tomorrow.

Put these findings into action:

Stay active. Researchers have not yet discovered a prescription for staving off cognitive decline. But so far, studies indicate that working out both your body and your brain -- through regular walks, reading books, and solving puzzles, for example -- may help.

Simplify your finances when you retire, suggests Rosanne Rogé, a financial adviser in Bohemia, N.Y.: "It will be harder to mess things up."

Be hard to find. Discourage scam artists from getting to you (or your parents) by keeping the latest spam filters installed on your computers, putting yourself on the national Do Not Call registry, and using caller ID in case any telemarketers slip past.

Arrange now for help later. You need a durable power of attorney, which gives a person you name the authority to make financial decisions for you if it becomes necessary. Assuming you have a will, you probably already have a DPA: They're typically drawn up at the same time. But many financial firms require you to fill out their own forms too. Do so by the time you retire, suggests New York elder-law attorney Daniel Fish. Your future self may thank you.

Tali Yahalom contributed to this article. To top of page

Frontline troops push for solar energy
The U.S. Marines are testing renewable energy technologies like solar to reduce costs and casualties associated with fossil fuels. Play
25 Best Places to find rich singles
Looking for Mr. or Ms. Moneybags? Hunt down the perfect mate in these wealthy cities, which are brimming with unattached professionals. More
Fun festivals: Twins to mustard to pirates!
You'll see double in Twinsburg, Ohio, and Ketchup lovers should beware in Middleton, WI. Here's some of the best and strangest town festivals. Play
Overnight Avg Rate Latest Change Last Week
30 yr fixed4.32%4.26%
15 yr fixed3.36%3.27%
5/1 ARM3.37%3.27%
30 yr refi4.31%4.24%
15 yr refi3.34%3.25%
Rate data provided
by Bankrate.com
View rates in your area
 
Find personalized rates:
Index Last Change % Change
Dow 16,408.54 -16.31 -0.10%
Nasdaq 4,095.52 9.29 0.23%
S&P 500 1,864.85 2.54 0.14%
Treasuries 2.72 0.08 3.19%
Data as of 3:31pm ET
Company Price Change % Change
Bank of America Corp... 16.15 0.00 0.00%
Facebook Inc 58.94 0.00 0.00%
General Electric Co 26.56 0.00 0.00%
Cisco Systems Inc 23.21 0.00 0.00%
Micron Technology In... 23.91 0.00 0.00%
Data as of Apr 17
Sponsors

Sections

Spencer has been a supporting member of the "Good Morning America" cast for the past three years. More

Obamacare sign ups hit 8 million, though final enrollment remains to be seen. More

Office for iPad move is a symbolic victory for Nadella's Microsoft, but the company is still weighed down by many of the same old issues. More

Schwinn, Trek and Cannondale are all iconic American bicycle brands. But none of them are made in the United States. More

As Detroit moves closer to reaching a bankruptcy deal, retired civilian workers are poised to be left worse off than firemen and police officers. More

Market indexes are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer LIBOR Warning: Neither BBA Enterprises Limited, nor the BBA LIBOR Contributor Banks, nor Reuters, can be held liable for any irregularity or inaccuracy of BBA LIBOR. Disclaimer. Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer The Dow Jones IndexesSM are proprietary to and distributed by Dow Jones & Company, Inc. and have been licensed for use. All content of the Dow Jones IndexesSM © 2014 is proprietary to Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Chicago Mercantile Association. The market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved. Most stock quote data provided by BATS.