Bonds: All eyes on inflation

10yearyield.top.pngClick the chart for current prices and yields. By Annalyn Censky, staff reporter


NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- After a two-week sell-off, Treasuries started to make a comeback Tuesday as investors take in the latest inflation data.

Early Tuesday, the government reported that the Producer Price Index, a measure of prices at the wholesale level, rose 0.4% in October. That's the same level it increased in both August and September, and lower than economist's expectations for 0.8% growth.

Next up is the Consumer Price Index, which is due early Wednesday. The CPI -- considered the broadest measure of inflation -- is also expected to show dangerously low levels of inflation.

Bond traders closely watch inflation data, because expectations for how quickly prices rise over the long term could compete with the low yields on government bonds. If inflation spikes, investors may start to cash in sooner rather than later.

"Bonds are not like stocks," said Adrian Cronje, chief investment officer for Balentine. "If inflation does pick up and interest rates shoot up, you could find yourself taking a quite meaningful capital loss. So long-term holders of bonds that are not indexed to inflation are potentially quite vulnerable."

Lately, inflation expectations have posed a unique challenge for traders: Short-term data continue to point to low inflation. On the other hand, there's a growing school of thought that the economy is perking up and inflation may start rising more quickly than expected.

That's because investors are starting to speculate that the Federal Reserve's plan to stimulate the economy will send inflation surging over the long term.

Those inflationary concerns in particular have been behind the recent Treasury selloff that has sent yields surging to three-month highs.

The Fed tried to defeat those fears Tuesday, with New York Fed president William Dudley telling CNBC that the central bank's bond purchases will not create a long-term inflation problem.

"People do not understand clearly [that] we can have an enlarged balance sheet and not have a long-term inflation problem," he said.

It appears that Dudley's comments, along with the latest PPI data are helping soothe bond traders' jitters for now.

Economists are forecasting the core CPI -- the cost of goods and services excluding food and energy -- will have risen 0.1% in October, or 0.7% year-over-year -- marking the smallest annual gain in 49 years.

Still, the focus could quickly turn back to the long-term outlook.

"I don't think that realized inflation like CPI is likely to surprise meaningfully to the upside for a while," Cronje said. "It's inflation expectations in the future that matter. Inflation can become a self-fulfilling prophecy if expectations are not kept in check."

Cronje also points to the problem that high inflation expectations create for the Fed.

When the central bank announced its plans to buy $600 billion in Treasuries as a way to drive interest rates lower and stimulate the economy, bond traders for the most part assumed it would lend support to the market. They generally expected more demand to come into the market and for yields to drop as a result.

Instead, just the opposite happened, as the bond market staged a massive selloff.

"There's been a lot of head scratching going on," said Richard Bryant, head of Treasury trading for MF Global. "What was the catalyst? Who were the sellers? I don't think anybody understands the current price movements."

What yields are doing: Prices rose as yields fell Tuesday. The yield on the benchmark 10-year note fell to 2.84%, down from 2.93% late Monday. The yield on the 30-year bond fell to 4.27%, from 4.39%.

Yields on the 2-year note fell to 0.51%, and the 5-year note slipped to 1.47%. To top of page

Frontline troops push for solar energy
The U.S. Marines are testing renewable energy technologies like solar to reduce costs and casualties associated with fossil fuels. Play
25 Best Places to find rich singles
Looking for Mr. or Ms. Moneybags? Hunt down the perfect mate in these wealthy cities, which are brimming with unattached professionals. More
Fun festivals: Twins to mustard to pirates!
You'll see double in Twinsburg, Ohio, and Ketchup lovers should beware in Middleton, WI. Here's some of the best and strangest town festivals. Play
Overnight Avg Rate Latest Change Last Week
30 yr fixed4.01%4.03%
15 yr fixed3.12%2.97%
5/1 ARM3.11%2.99%
30 yr refi4.04%4.09%
15 yr refi3.15%3.05%
Rate data provided
by Bankrate.com
View rates in your area
 
Find personalized rates:
Index Last Change % Change
Dow 17,804.80 26.65 0.15%
Nasdaq 4,765.38 16.98 0.36%
S&P 500 2,070.65 9.42 0.46%
Treasuries 2.18 -0.03 -1.27%
Data as of 3:22am ET
Company Price Change % Change
Bank of America Corp... 17.62 0.09 0.51%
Apple Inc 111.78 -0.87 -0.77%
General Electric Co 25.62 0.48 1.91%
Intel Corp 36.37 -0.65 -1.76%
Microsoft Corp 47.66 0.14 0.29%
Data as of Dec 19

Sections

New York Magazine reporter Jessica Pressler, who has been caught up in controversy this past week, will not be moving on to a new job at Bloomberg News. More

Investors beware: These 5 global crises are likely to rattle the stock market and world economy. More

Forums in dark corners of the web sell the kinds of hacks that befell Sony. More

Unilever sued Hampton Creek over its egg-free mayonnaise spread Just Mayo. But the company behind Best Foods and Hellman's mayonnaise has now dropped the lawsuit. More

The income of the top 1% jumped significantly in 2012, far outpacing inflation. Not only did this group make a larger share of the country's income, their share of total taxes also jumped from 35% to 38%. More

Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer.

Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved.

Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved.

Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC 2014 and/or its affiliates.