Manufacturers saw a jump in new orders, which rose by 3%, and production, which climbed 5%.
But employment in the sector suffered a blow in June. The report showed that manufacturing employment contracted for the first time since September 2009. This could be a worrisome sign ahead of the monthly employment report on the U.S. job market that is due out Friday.
While survey respondents noted that June sales appeared to have rebounded and that business is improving, some noted that the expansion they are seeing is slow.
"Slow growth continues to choke the recovery," one chemical products manufacturer said. "We are not out of the woods yet by any stretch of the imagination."
While the U.S. saw slight improvement in June, the state of global manufacturing is less certain. Two separate reports on the Chinese manufacturing sector pointed to a slowdown. Both an HSBC survey and the official Chinese statistics bureau's purchasing manager's index showed that manufacturing declined in June from a month prior.