Will China supplant the United States as the world's leading superpower and top player in the world economy?
A new Pew Research Center survey of 38,000 people in 39 countries found the widespread belief that China is well on its way.
Overall, a majority or plurality of respondents in only six of the countries surveyed believe the U.S. will remain on top.
"Publics around the world believe the global balance of power is shifting," Pew wrote. "China's economic power is on the rise, and many think it will eventually supplant the United States as the world's dominant superpower."
In both the United States and China, an increasing number of respondents agree with this thesis.
Two out of three Chinese now predict their country will overtake the U.S., an eight percentage point increase since 2008. The number of Americans who agree has jumped 11 percentage points to 47%.
Why is China's economy cooling down?
When it comes to pure economics, the survey suggests that some people even think that China is already ahead of the U.S.
By almost any statistical measure, the U.S. economy is still top dog. But the perception that China has already built the world's most powerful economy reflects the tremendous gains that have resulted from sustained 10% GDP growth over the past three decades.