The government's monthly jobs report, originally scheduled to come out Friday morning, will not be released due to the shutdown. Since the recession, the report has become the most closely watched indicator on the economy.
Investors also continue to worry about the U.S. hitting its debt ceiling. Failure to raise the debt limit is likely to have a significant impact on the global economy, as well as stocks, bonds and currency markets.
European markets edged higher in morning trading, led by the CAC 40 in Paris. Switzerland's financial watchdog, the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority, announced that it was investigating several Swiss banks for possibly manipulating currency exchange rates.
The major Asian markets ended with losses. The Nikkei in Japan shed nearly 1% after the Bank of Japan wrapped up its two-day monetary policy meeting and opted to maintain its stimulus measures. South Korean electronics manufacturer Samsung said it was on track for another record quarterly profit.