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Energy and the presidential race

Where the leading candidates stand on everything from a gas tax to a carbon cap to drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Rudy Giuliani
Rudy Giuliani
The former New York City mayor is surprisingly vague about what his energy policy would be as president.

Despite his front-runner status in the Republican field, Giuliani's position on energy issues is the least well-developed: It's not easy to see where he stands on 4 of the 6 questions. Giuliani is the only candidate who hasn't clearly stated his energy policy on his official Web site.

However, a position paper provided to CNNMoney.com by Giuliani's campaign said the candidate supports renewable technologies, biofuel, clean coal, expanding nuclear power and conservation measures. But the paper didn't set any specific targets for energy consumption or renewable funding.

Giuliani supports increased oil drilling. "America must expand environmentally-responsible access to the proven oil and natural gas reserves," the paper stated. But it didn't mention whether he supports additional drilling in U.S. coastal waters or opening the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Like all the Republican candidates, Giuliani does not support tax increases of any kind, presumably ruling out a gas tax hike.
Last updated January 02 2008: 9:42 AM ET

At a Glance

Rudy Giuliani

Mike Huckabee

John McCain

Mitt Romney

Hillary Clinton

John Edwards

Barack Obama