5 states with the highest minimum wages

New Jersey just raised their minimum wage, but they are certainly not the pack leader on this front. Here are five states that have already surpassed the Garden State.

Populist anger, (slowly) rising wages

labor votes

Tuesday night's election winners didn't include just governors and mayors. Low-wage workers also scored big.

The small town of SeaTac, Wash. approved a $15 minimum wage for workers in and around the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, according to early returns, which are tallied as the voters' mail-in ballots are counted.

And in New Jersey, 60% of voters who came out approved a one dollar increase to the state's minimum wage, to $8.25.

The votes came after a summer filled with outrage over the hourly pay that low-wage workers -- especially those in the fast-food industry -- must live on.

That anger can be attributed, in part, to the growth of low-wage jobs, says Paul Sonn, legal co-director at the National Employment Law Project. Low-wage gigs make up a significant portion of the American economy's new jobs. Indeed, over half of jobs added in the U.S. since April 2010 have been in low-paying industries, according to a May 2013 report by the Royal Bank of Scotland. "That's driving policy makers at the city level to boost low wages," Sonn says..

The current federal minimum wage of $7.25 hasn't budged since 2009. "When the government is slow to raise the federal minimum wage, states do it on their own," says Chris Tilly, director of the UCLA Institute for Research on Labor and Employment.

The approval of the New Jersey minimum wage increase is noteworthy as it ties the hourly rate to inflation and puts into place annual automatic increases.

When the wage hike goes into effect in January, New Jersey will be the 20th state to outpace the federal minimum wage, but its $8.25 rate won't be the highest. Here are the five states that beat it.

  @FortuneMagazine - Last updated November 07 2013 04:13 PM ET
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