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Willis Towers Watson Reports Quarterly and Full-Year Results
Globe Newswire

Willis Group Holdings plc Pre-Merger Results:        

  • 4Q15 Organic Commissions & Fees growth was 4.8% compared to 4Q14; 280 basis points of organic spread; reported 4Q15 revenue growth of 1.7% compared to 4Q14
  • 4Q15 Underlying EBITDA of $201 million equating to 20.6% of total revenues; reported EBITDA of $50 million equating to 5.1% of total revenues
  • Reported 4Q15 net loss of $(24) million, or $(0.35) per diluted share; includes adjustments of $1.44 per diluted share
  • Reported full-year 2015 net income of $5.41 per diluted share; includes adjustments of $0.98 per diluted share


LONDON and ARLINGTON, Va., Feb. 09, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Willis Towers Watson plc (NASDAQ:WLTW), a leading global advisory, broking and solutions company, today reported individual fourth quarter and fiscal second quarter results for Willis Group Holdings plc ("Willis Group") and Towers Watson & Co., respectively, for the period ended December 31, 2015. On January 4, 2016 Willis Group Holdings plc merged with Towers Watson & Co. Financial results will be consolidated for the period ending March 31, 2016, but will use legacy reporting at a segment level until Willis Towers Watson reports second quarter results for the period ending June 30, 2016.

“While I’m encouraged by the solid quarterly results of both Willis Group and Towers Watson, I’m even more excited that as of January 4, 2016, we are now officially Willis Towers Watson,” said John Haley, Willis Towers Watson’s Chief Executive Officer. “We are early in this journey, but our opportunities as a combined company look even better now than when we first announced the merger. It’s quite evident already, after the last seven months, that our aligned values, unwavering focus on clients and mutual drive to create a unique and powerful organization are adding up to more than we could have anticipated. I’m very much looking forward to reporting on our future success.”

Willis Group Financial Results

Dominic Casserley, Willis Towers Watson President and Deputy Chief Executive Officer, commented on the performance of Willis Group, "Our solid fourth quarter capped a landmark year of strategic execution. We met or exceeded all of our annual targets, generated mid-single digit organic revenue growth, completed a number of transformative M&A transactions, and generated a spread of organic revenue growth to organic expense growth of 240 basis points, exceeding our 200 basis point target, through the combination of revenue growth and successful implementation of our Operational Improvement Program.  As part of the new Willis Towers Watson, we enter 2016 with solid momentum, focused on fully integrating our combined strengths into a single platform that we believe will help our clients and employees and will generate value for our shareholders.”

Select Willis Group GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures

  Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
Reported measures 20152014 20152014
Reported commissions and fees growth 3.3%3.1% 1.1%3.7%
Reported total expenses growth 18.7%5.8% 7.8%5.4%
Reported operating margin 0.2%14.5% 11.2%17.0%
Reported diluted EPS(3) $(0.35)$1.12  $5.41 $5.32 
Underlying measures(1)(2)      
Underlying commissions and fees growth 9.5%7.2% 7.6%4.6%
Underlying total expenses growth 8.5%7.1% 7.1%5.7%
Underlying operating margin 15.7%16.3% 18.5%18.4%
Underlying diluted EPS(3) $1.09 $1.09  $6.39 $5.83 
Organic measures(1)      
Organic commissions and fees growth 4.8%3.6% 3.3%3.8%
Organic total expenses growth 2.0%2.7% 0.9%4.6%
Organic operating margin 16.8%16.0% 19.5%18.0%


(1)  
Please refer to the supplemental financial information attached to this press release for detailed definitions of Willis Group's non-GAAP financial measures and accompanying reconciliations to GAAP measures. The supplemental financial information also includes the non-GAAP figures and accompanying reconciliations for commissions and fees growth by segment.
(2)  In the second quarter 2015, the definition of Underlying Measures was modified to exclude the impact of M&A transaction-related costs. Prior period results, which include $7 million of such expenses in the first quarter of 2015 and approximately $5 million of such expenses in the fourth quarter of 2014, have been restated.
(3)  On January 4, 2016 in connection with the merger the Company executed a reverse stock split on a 2.6490 to 1 basis. All per share information has been recast to reflect this.

Willis Group Fourth Quarter 2015 Financial Results

Willis Group reported a net loss of $(24) million, or $(0.35) per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to earnings of $76 million, or $1.12 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. There were $1.44 per diluted share of net adjustments in the quarter, which included the following: restructuring costs related to the Operational Improvement Program of $0.45 per diluted share; M&A transaction-related expenses of $0.64 per diluted share; a litigation provision of $0.61 per diluted share; $0.39 per diluted share impact from the devaluation of the Venezuelan currency; a tax impact of $0.20 per diluted share from deferred tax valuation allowance adjustments; partially offset by a remeasurement gain on a previously held equity interest of $0.85 per diluted share. Items affecting the fourth quarter of 2014 are shown in Note 5 of the Supplemental Financial Information attached to this press release.

Underlying diluted earnings per share, which excludes the items noted above, were $1.09 per diluted share in the fourth quarter of 2015, compared to $1.09 per diluted share in the fourth quarter of 2014. The flat result was primarily driven by high single-digit growth in underlying revenues and the benefit of cost management initiatives, including the Operational Improvement Program, offset by higher interest expense and amortization from acquisitions.

Revenues

Fourth quarter 2015 total reported commissions and fees of $970 million were up 3.3% from $939 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. This quarter included $53 million of unfavorable foreign currency movements. Total commissions and fees also includes $51 million from net acquisitions and disposals completed during the past twelve months. Underlying commissions and fees, which exclude the impact from foreign currency movements, grew 9.5%.

Organic commissions and fees, which exclude both the impact of foreign currency movements and the net impact of acquisitions and disposals, grew 4.8%, led by strong growth in Willis International and Willis GB, partially offset by a modest decline in Willis CWR.

Expenses

Total Expenses

On a reported basis, total expenses for Willis Group increased $153 million, or 18.7%, to $972 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, from $819 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. Expenses include $70 million from a litigation provision, $53 million of operating costs from net acquisitions and disposals, of which $10 million was amortization of intangibles, as well as $33 million of restructuring costs related to the Operational Improvement Program and $48 million of M&A transaction-related expenses, partially offset by $41 million from favorable foreign currency movements.

Underlying total expenses, which exclude restructuring costs, the litigation provision, foreign currency movements, and M&A transaction-related expenses, grew 8.5%. The majority of the increase was driven by additional salary-related expense and other incentives related to recent acquisitions.

Organic total expense growth, which further excludes the net impact of acquisitions and disposals, grew 2.0% compared to the prior year period, driven primarily by increases in incentive-based compensation and other operating expenses, partially offset by lower legal and communications costs.

Salaries, Benefits and Full-Time Equivalents

Willis Group reported salaries and benefits of $608 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 1.3% from $600 million in the prior year quarter. Salaries and benefits in the period included a $30 million period-over-period net increase in operating costs from acquisitions and disposals, but were partially offset by $32 million of favorable foreign currency movements.

Underlying salaries and benefits grew 6.9%, driven by the net increase from acquisitions and disposals. Organic salaries and benefits grew 1.6%, as growth in incentive compensation was partially offset by lower salaries as a result of cost management initiatives.

Full-time equivalents, excluding the impact of acquisitions and disposals, increased by approximately 812, or 4.5%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2014, driven primarily by offshore hiring to build out the low-cost hubs as part of the Operational Improvement Program. This growth will be offset by eventual onshore reductions once the parallel run completes. Organic onshore full-time equivalents declined by 139, or 0.9%, compared to the prior year period.

Other Operating Expenses

Reported other operating expenses for Willis Group were $283 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 71.5% from $165 million in the prior year quarter. Other operating expenses in the period included $70 million related to a litigation provision, $48 million of M&A transaction related costs and a $7 million period-over-period net increase in operating costs from acquisitions and disposals. Other operating expenses were favorably impacted by $7 million from foreign currency movements.

Underlying other operating expenses grew 8.5%. Included in this growth was the $7 million period-over-period net increase in other operating costs from acquisitions and disposals.

Organic other operating expenses increased by 3.9%, primarily driven by increased travel and premises costs partially offset by decreases driven by cost management initiatives.

Operating Margin

Willis Group's reported operating margin was 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2015, a decline of 1,430 basis points compared to the fourth quarter of 2014, primarily driven by the litigation provision noted above as well as higher acquisition and restructuring costs.

Underlying operating margin, which excludes restructuring costs, litigation provisions, M&A transaction-related expenses and the net impact from foreign currency movements, was 15.7% in the fourth quarter of 2015, a decrease of 60 basis points compared to the fourth quarter 2014, driven primarily by higher acquisition related amortization expense. 

Organic operating margin was 16.8% in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 80 basis points from 16.0% in the prior year quarter. The increase reflects mid-single digit organic revenue growth combined with solid execution of Willis Group's cost management initiatives.

Taxes

The reported tax charge for Willis Group in the fourth quarter of 2015 was $4 million. The reported tax charge is significantly impacted by certain items as described in Note 5 of the Supplemental Financial Information attached to this press release.  After excluding the impact of these items the underlying tax rate for the quarter was approximately 21%. 

Willis Group Segment Highlights

Willis GB

Organic and underlying commissions and fees in Willis GB increased 8.3% and 9.4%, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared with the fourth quarter of 2014.

The quarter’s performance reflects strong growth in Financial Lines, Property & Casualty and Aerospace. The turnaround efforts in this segment are starting to come to fruition as management continues to re-engineer the cost base while reinvesting in growth.

Willis Capital, Wholesale and Reinsurance

Organic commissions and fees in Willis CW&R decreased 3.7% in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared with the fourth quarter of 2014. The decline was primarily driven by business declines in Fine Arts & Jewelry as well as rate headwinds in Reinsurance.

The segment’s underlying commissions and fees grew 30.3%, favorably impacted by revenues primarily from Miller Insurance Services.

Willis North America

Organic commissions and fees in Willis North America grew 1.9% in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared with the fourth quarter of 2014. Strength in the Construction, Surety, Real Estate and Hospitality and Life Sciences businesses was partially offset by moderation in Telecoms and Mining. The Human Capital Practice produced mid-single digit organic growth as compared to the fourth quarter of 2014.

The segment’s underlying commissions and fees increased 0.6%, as the factors noted above were partially offset by divestitures of several small, non-core businesses over the past 12 months.

Willis International

Organic commissions and fees in Willis International grew 9.0% in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared with the same period in 2014. All major regions grew in the quarter. Latin America and CEEMEA saw strong double-digit growth. Europe performed well with mid-single digit growth.

The segment’s underlying commissions and fees grew 11.4%, favorably impacted by recent acquisitions over the past 12 months.

Operational Improvement Program

Willis Group generated savings from the Operational Improvement Program of approximately $49 million in the fourth quarter of 2015. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2015, Willis Group generated savings of approximately $112 million, ahead of its previously stated target for 2015 of $80 million.

Restructuring costs from the program were $33 million in the fourth quarter of 2015. For the twelve month period, restructuring costs were $126 million. Details of the costs by segment and type of expense are included in Note 6 of the Supplemental Financial Information attached to this press release.

Strategic M&A Update

On December 29, 2015 Willis Group completed the transaction to acquire the remaining 70 percent of Gras Savoye & Cie Group ("Gras Savoye") that it did not previously own for total consideration of $592 million.

Gras Savoye is the largest insurance broker in France and has access to high growth markets through a comprehensive network that spans Central and Eastern Europe; Africa; and the Middle East.

For the year ended December 31, 2015 Gras Savoye's revenue, under U.S. GAAP, was approximately     $435 million, and EBITDA was approximately $73 million.

Willis Group Twelve Month 2015 Financial Results

Reported net income, attributable to Willis Group, for the twelve months ended December 31, 2015 was $373 million, or $5.41 per diluted share, up 3.0% compared with $362 million, or $5.32 per diluted share, in the same period a year ago. Underlying net income was $441 million for the twelve month period of 2015, up 11.1% compared with $397 million in 2014. 

Total reported commissions and fees were up 1.1% to $3,809 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2015 compared to $3,767 million for the same period in 2014. Underlying commissions and fees were up 7.6%, while organic growth in commissions and fees was 3.3% compared to the same period a year ago.

Reported operating income and reported operating margin were $427 million and 11.2%, respectively, for the twelve months ended December 31, 2015, compared with $647 million and 17.0%, respectively, for the prior year. Underlying operating income and margin were $707 million and 18.5%, respectively, in 2015, compared with $657 million and 18.4%, respectively, in the prior year. Organic operating income and margin were $706 million and 19.5%, respectively, in 2015, compared with $632 million and 18.0%, respectively, in the prior year. The improved underlying and organic metrics in 2015 were driven by revenue growth combined with solid execution of cost initiatives. Underlying EBITDA was $878 million, up 10.3% compared to $796 million in the prior year.  The underlying EBITDA margin of 22.9% was up 60 basis points from the prior year's 22.3%.

Balance Sheet & Capital Management Highlights

As of December 31, 2015, cash and cash equivalents were $532 million, total debt was $3,266 million and total equity was $2,355 million. As of December 31, 2014, cash and cash equivalents were $635 million, total debt was $2,297 million and total equity was $2,007 million.

During the fourth quarter of 2015, Willis Group successfully negotiated the removal of the EBITDA and exceptional shareholder return contingencies as well as lowering funding requirements, from 2017, for the UK pension plan.

Willis Group suspended its share buyback program on June 30, 2015, pending the completion of the merger with Towers Watson. Prior to June 30, 2015, Willis Group bought back approximately 1.7 million shares for $82 million.

 Towers Watson & Co. Financial Results

As a result of the Willis Towers Watson merger, the fiscal year will be on a calendar year basis, but the following discussion refers to Towers Watson’s fiscal years ending June 30, 2016 and 2015, and corresponding interim periods.

Total revenues were $950 million for the quarter, a decrease of 1% (3% increase constant currency and 3% increase organic) from $958 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2015.

Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 was $205 million, or 21.6% of revenues, compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $211 million, or 22.0% of revenues, for the prior-year second quarter.

Net income attributable to common stockholders for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 was $11 million, a decrease from $110 million for the prior-year second quarter.  The current quarter results include approximately $81 million of transaction and integration costs.  Adjusted net income attributable to common stockholders for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 was $120 million, a decrease from $122 million for the prior-year second quarter. The normalized tax rate for the quarter was 30%, which excludes the tax costs of repatriating overseas cash used to fund the Towers Watson shareholder special dividend and other merger related tax restructuring costs.

Towers Watson & Co. Segment Highlights

Benefits

For the quarter, the Benefits segment had revenues of $467 million, a decrease of 4% (flat constant currency) from $488 million in the prior-year second quarter. Retirement had a mid-single digit constant currency revenue decline, primarily due to the expected lower bulk lump sum (BLS) activity in the Americas.  Health and Group Benefits had mid-teens constant currency revenue growth, as consulting and product revenue increased across the lines of business.  Technology and Administration Solutions constant currency revenue grew 2%, as increased client and project activity in EMEA was partially offset by an anticipated reduction of BLS projects in the Americas Region.  The Benefits segment had a Net Operating Income (“NOI”) margin of 36% in the second quarter of fiscal 2016.

Exchange Solutions

For the quarter, the Exchange Solutions segment had revenues of $132 million, an increase of 41% (41% increase constant currency) from $94 million in the prior-year second quarter. Retiree and Access Exchanges revenue increased by 24%, primarily as a result of a growing membership base. Exchange Other revenues increased by almost 65%, as a result of increased new client activity, annual enrollments of employee benefits and new ACA reporting requirements.  Consumer Directed Accounts also contributed approximately $8 million in revenues to the Exchange Other line of business. The Exchange Solutions segment had an NOI margin of 15% in the second quarter of fiscal 2016.

Risk and Financial Services

For the quarter, the Risk and Financial Services segment had revenues of $145 million, a decrease of 6% (1% decrease constant currency) from $154 million in the prior-year second quarter. Risk Consulting and Software had a constant currency revenue decline of low-single digits, primarily due to softness of the consulting business in the Americas and EMEA regions.   Investment constant currency revenue decreased by low-single digits, primarily as a result of lower performance fees in EMEA. The Risk and Financial Services segment had an NOI margin of 25% in the second quarter of fiscal 2016.

Talent and Rewards

For the quarter, the Talent and Rewards segment had revenues of $175 million, a decrease of 5% (flat constant currency) from $184 million in the prior-year second quarter. This segment experienced an 11% growth rate in the second quarter of fiscal 2015.  Executive Compensation constant currency revenues increased by high-single digits, with growth in all regions.  Results continued to be strong in the Asia Pacific region.  Rewards, Talent and Communication had constant currency revenue growth in the low-single digits, primarily driven by transaction and annual enrollment work in the Americas region. Data, Surveys and Technology had mid-single digit constant currency revenue decline, primarily due to the early delivery of the annual data surveys.  The data surveys were delivered in the first quarter of fiscal 2016 rather than in the second quarter of the fiscal year, as they were in fiscal 2015.  The Talent and Rewards segment had an NOI margin of 37% in the second quarter of fiscal 2016. The first half of the fiscal year typically has higher margins due to the seasonality of the business.

Willis Towers Watson 2016 Outlook

For 2016, Willis Towers Watson expects to report constant currency revenue growth in the low-double digits and expects adjusted diluted earnings per share in the range of $7.70 to $7.95. This guidance assumes an average exchange rate of 1.45 U.S. dollars to the British Pound and 1.12 U.S. dollars to the Euro for 2016. The year over year impact of the change in foreign currency exchange rates is expected to negatively impact reported revenues by approximately $130 million or adjusted diluted earnings per share by about $0.15. This impact is incorporated in our guidance ranges. Further detail is available in the slide presentation that may be accessed through the investor relations section of the Company website at www.WillisTowersWatson.com 

Conference Call, Webcast and Slide Presentation

A conference call to discuss these results and outlook will be held on Wednesday, February 10, 2016, at 9:00 AM Eastern Time. To participate in the live call, please dial +1 (844) 464-3930 (United States) or +1 (765) 507-2603 (international) with a passcode of 35564917. A live (listen-only) audio web cast may be accessed through the investor relations section of the Company website at www.WillisTowersWatson.com

A replay of the call will be available through February 11, 2016, by calling +1 (855) 859-2056 with a passcode of 35564917 or by accessing our website.

About Willis Towers Watson

Willis Towers Watson (NASDAQ:WLTW) is a leading global advisory, broking and solutions company that helps clients around the world turn risk into a path for growth. With roots dating to 1828, Willis Towers Watson has 39,000 employees in more than 120 countries. We design and deliver solutions that manage risk, optimize benefits, cultivate talent, and expand the power of capital to protect and strengthen institutions and individuals. Our unique perspective allows us to see the critical intersections between talent, assets and ideas — the dynamic formula that drives business performance. Together, we unlock potential. Find more information at our website, www.WillisTowersWatson.com

Willis Towers Watson Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You can identify these statements and other forward-looking statements in this document by words such as “may”, “will”, “would”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “plan”, “intend”, “continue”, or similar words, expressions or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology. These statements include, but are not limited to, the benefits of the business combination transaction involving Towers Watson and Willis Group, including the combined company’s future financial and operating results, plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and other statements that are not historical facts. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of Willis Towers Watson’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

These factors include risks and uncertainties related to, among other things: changes in general economic, business and political conditions, including changes in the financial markets; consolidation in or conditions affecting the industries in which the company operates; any changes in the regulatory environment in which the company operates; the ability to successfully manage ongoing organizational changes; the ability of the company to successfully integrate the Towers Watson and Willis businesses, operations and employees, and realize anticipated growth, synergies and cost savings; the potential impact of the merger on relationships, including with employees, suppliers, customers and competitors; significant competition that the company faces and the potential for loss of market share and/or profitability; compliance with extensive government regulation; the company’s ability to make divestitures or acquisitions and its ability to integrate or manage such acquired businesses; expectations, intentions and outcomes relating to outstanding litigation; the risk the company would be required to increase its financial provision on the Stanford litigation; the risk of material adverse outcomes on existing litigation matters, including without limitation the Stanford litigation; the diversion of time and attention of the company's management team while the merger is being integrated; the federal income tax consequences of the merger and the enactment of additional state, federal, and/or foreign regulatory and tax laws and regulations, including changes in tax rates; the company’s capital structure, including indebtedness amounts, the limitations imposed by the covenants in the documents governing such indebtedness and the maintenance of the financial and disclosure controls and procedures of each; the ability of the company to obtain financing on favorable terms or at all; adverse changes in the credit ratings of the company; the possibility that the anticipated benefits from the merger cannot be fully realized or may take longer to realize than expected; the ability of the company to retain and hire key personnel; a decline in defined benefit pension plans; various claims, government inquiries or investigations or the potential for regulatory action; failure to protect client data or breaches of information systems; reputational damage; disasters or business continuity problems; doing business internationally, including the impact of exchange rates; clients choosing to reduce or terminate the services provided by the company; fluctuation in revenues against the company’s relatively fixed expenses; management of client engagements; technological change; the inability to protect intellectual property rights, or the potential infringement upon the intellectual property rights of others; increases in the price, or difficulty of obtaining, insurance; fluctuations in the company’s pension liabilities; loss of, failure to maintain, or dependence on certain, relationships with insurance carriers; changes and developments in the United States healthcare system; the availability of tax-advantaged consumer-directed benefits to employers and employees; reliance on third party services; the company's holding company structure; changes in accounting estimates and assumptions; and changes in the market price of the company's shares. These factors also include those described under “Risk Factors” in Willis Group’s and Towers Watson’s most recent 10-K and 10-Q filings with the SEC.

Although we believe that the assumptions underlying our forward-looking statements are reasonable, any of these assumptions, and therefore also the forward-looking statements based on these assumptions, could themselves prove to be inaccurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included in this document, our inclusion of this information is not a representation or guarantee by us that our objectives and plans will be achieved.

Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made and we will not update these forward-looking statements unless the securities laws require us to do so. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in this document may not occur, and we caution you against unduly relying on these forward-looking statements.

Willis Towers Watson Non-GAAP Measures

In order to assist readers of our financial statements in understanding the core operating results that Willis Towers Watson’s management uses to evaluate the business and for financial planning, Willis Towers Watson presents the following non-GAAP measures: (1) Constant Currency Change, (2) Organic Change, (3) Adjusted Operating Income, (4) Adjusted EBITDA, (5) Adjusted Net Income and (6) Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share. Willis Towers Watson believes these measures are relevant and provide useful information widely used by analysts, investors and other interested parties in their industry to provide a baseline for evaluating and comparing operating results.

Willis Towers Watson evaluates revenue on an as reported, constant currency and organic basis. Willis Towers Watson believes providing constant currency and organic information provides valuable supplemental information regarding results, consistent with how Willis Towers Watson evaluates their performance internally.

Willis Towers Watson considers Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share to be important financial measures, which is used to internally evaluate and assess core operations, and benchmark operating results against competitors. These Non-GAAP measures are important in illustrating what Willis Towers Watson’s operating results would have been had Willis Towers Watson not incurred these acquisition-related expenses.

Willis Towers Watson’s non-GAAP measures and their accompanying definitions are presented as follows:

Constant Currency Change - Represents the year over year change in revenues excluding the impact of foreign currency fluctuations. To calculate this impact, the prior year local currency results are first translated using the current year monthly average exchange rates. The change is calculated by comparing the adjusted prior year revenues to the current year as reported revenues for the same period.
Organic Change - excludes both the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, as described above, as well as the impact of acquisitions and divestitures.
Adjusted Operating Income - operating income adjusted for certain merger and acquisition related items of amortization of intangible assets, transaction and integration expenses and the fair value adjustment of deferred revenue and for restructuring costs and other non-recurring items.
Adjusted EBITDA - net income (attributable to common stockholders) adjusted for provision for income taxes, interest, net, depreciation and amortization, transaction and integration expenses and the fair value adjustment of deferred revenue and for restructuring costs and other non-recurring items.
Adjusted Net Income - net income (attributable to common stockholders) adjusted for certain tax-effected merger and acquisition related items of amortization of intangible assets, transaction and integration expenses and the fair value adjustment of deferred revenue and for restructuring costs and other non-recurring items.
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share - diluted earnings per share adjusted for certain tax effected merger and acquisition related items of transaction and integration expenses, amortization of intangible assets and the fair value adjustment of deferred revenue and for restructuring costs and other non-recurring items.

These non-GAAP measures are not defined in the same manner by all companies and may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Non-GAAP measures should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, the information contained within Willis Towers Watson’s financial statements.

Reconciliations of these measures presented in the Willis Towers Watson’s calendar year 2016 guidance are included in the supplemental earnings slides.

Willis Group Holdings Non-GAAP Supplemental Financial Information

This press release contains references to non-GAAP financial measures as defined in SEC rules.  A reconciliation of this supplemental financial information to our GAAP information is in this earnings release or the note disclosures that follow.  We present such non-GAAP supplemental financial information, as we believe such information is of interest to the investment community because it provides additional meaningful methods of evaluating certain aspects of Willis Group's operating performance from period to period on a basis that may not be otherwise apparent on a GAAP basis.  This supplemental financial information should be viewed in addition to, not in lieu of, Willis Group's condensed consolidated financial statements.

Willis Group's non-GAAP measures and their accompanying definitions are presented as follows:

We believe that investors' understanding of Willis Group's performance is enhanced by our disclosure of the following non-GAAP financial measures.  Our method of calculating these measures may differ from those used by other companies and therefore comparability may be limited.

Underlying commissions and fees, underlying revenues, underlying total expenses, underlying salaries and benefits, underlying other operating expenses, underlying operating income, underlying operating margin, underlying EBITDA, underlying net income and underlying earnings per diluted share (“Underlying measures”).

Underlying measures are calculated by excluding restructuring costs related to the Operational Improvement Program, impact from the devaluation of the Venezuelan Bolivar, certain litigation provisions, gains and losses on disposal of operations, remeasurement  of previously held equity interest, non-recurring changes in the deferred tax valuation allowances, from the most directly comparable GAAP measures, and from second quarter 2015, underlying measures also exclude M&A transaction-related costs. Additionally, prior year GAAP measures have been rebased to current period exchange rates to eliminate the year over year impact of foreign currency movements. We believe that excluding such items provides a more complete and consistent comparative analysis of our results of operations.

Organic commissions and fees, revenues, organic total expenses, organic salaries and benefits, organic other operating expenses, organic operating income, organic operating margin and organic EBITDA (“Organic measures”).

Organic measures are calculated by further excluding the twelve month impact from acquisitions and disposals from our underlying measures. We believe that excluding these items provides a more complete and consistent comparative analysis of our results of operations.

Headcount as used in this press release refers to the number of full time equivalents (“FTE”).

Towers Watson & Co. Non-GAAP Measures

In order to assist readers of our financial statements in understanding the core operating results that Towers Watson’s management uses to evaluate the business and for financial planning, Towers Watson presents the following non-GAAP measures: (1) Constant Currency Change, (2) Organic Change, (3) Adjusted EBITDA and (4) Adjusted Net Income. Towers Watson believes these measures are relevant and provide useful information widely used by analysts, investors and other interested parties in their industry to provide a baseline for evaluating and comparing operating results.

Towers Watson evaluates revenue on an as reported, constant currency and organic basis. Towers Watson believes providing constant currency and organic information provides valuable supplemental information regarding results, consistent with how Towers Watson evaluates their performance internally.

Towers Watson considers Adjusted EBITDA to be an important financial measure, which is used to internally evaluate and assess core operations, and benchmark operating results against competitors. Towers Watson uses Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate and measure awards made under their performance-based compensation plans. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income are important in illustrating what Towers Watson’s operating results would have been had Towers Watson not incurred any acquisition-related expenses.

Towers Watson’s non-GAAP measures and their accompanying definitions are presented as follows:

Constant Currency Change - Represents the year over year change in revenues excluding the impact of foreign currency fluctuations. To calculate this impact, the prior year local currency results are first translated using the current year monthly average exchange rates. The change is calculated by comparing the adjusted prior year revenues to the current year as reported revenues for the same period.

Organic Change - excludes both the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, as described above, as well as the impact of acquisitions and divestitures.

Adjusted EBITDA - net income (attributable to common stockholders) adjusted for provision for income taxes, interest, net, depreciation and amortization, transaction and integration expenses, and other non-operating income excluding income from variable interest entity.

Adjusted net income - net income (attributable to common stockholders) adjusted for certain tax-effected merger and acquisition related items of amortization of intangible assets and transaction and integration expenses, the tax-effected gain on the sale of the Human Resources Service Delivery business and the U.S. tax cost of foreign repatriation.

These non-GAAP measures are not defined in the same manner by all companies and may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Non-GAAP measures should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, the information contained within Towers Watson’s financial statements.

Reconciliation of the As Reported Change to Constant Currency Change, the As Reported Change to Organic Change, Net income (attributable to common stockholders) to Adjusted EBITDA and Net income (attributable to common stockholders) to Adjusted Net Income are included in the accompanying tables to this press release.


WILLIS GROUP HOLDINGS plc
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(in millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

  Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
  2015 2014 2015 2014
       
Revenues        
Commissions and fees $970  $939  $3,809  $3,767 
Investment income 2  4  12  16 
Other income 2  15  8  19 
Total revenues 974  958  3,829  3,802 
Expenses        
Salaries and benefits (including share-based compensation of $18  million, $10 million, $64 million, $52 million) 608  600  2,306  2,314 
Other operating expenses 283  165  799  659 
Depreciation expense 25  22  95  92 
Amortization of intangible assets 23  16  76  54 
Restructuring costs 33  16  126  36 
Total expenses 972  819  3,402  3,155 
Operating income 2  139  427  647 
Other (income) expense, net (29) (18) (55) (6)
Interest expense 39  34  142  135 
(Loss) income before income taxes and interest in earnings of associates (8) 123  340  518 
Income tax expense (benefit) 4  35  (33) 159 
(Loss) income before interest in earnings of associates (12) 88  373  359 
Interest in (losses) earnings of associates, net of tax (6) (5) 11  14 
Net (loss) income (18) 83  384  373 
Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (6) (7) (11) (11)
Net (loss) income attributable to Willis Group Holdings $(24) $76  $373  $362 



WILLIS GROUP HOLDINGS plc

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(in millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

  Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
  2015 2014 2015 2014
Earnings per Share - Basic and Diluted        
Net (loss) income attributable to Willis Group Holdings plc shareholders:        
— Basic $(0.35) $1.13  $5.49  $5.40 
— Diluted (0.35) 1.12  5.41  5.32 
         
Average number of shares outstanding(1)        
— Basic 68  67  68  67 
— Diluted 68  68  69  68 
Shares outstanding at December 31 69  67  69  67 


(1)  
Immediately following the Merger, Willis effected a consolidation (i.e., a reverse stock split under Irish law) of Willis ordinary shares whereby every 2.6490 Willis ordinary shares were consolidated into one Willis ordinary share (the “Consolidation”). This effect has been retroactively applied to the current and prior periods.


WILLIS GROUP HOLDINGS plc
SUMMARY DRAFT BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions) (unaudited)

  December 31,
2015
 December 31,
2014
   
Current assets    
Cash and cash equivalents $532  $635 
Accounts receivable, net 1,259  1,044 
Fiduciary assets 10,458  8,948 
Other current assets 255  212 
Total current assets 12,504  10,839 
     
Non-current assets    
Fixed assets, net 563  483 
Goodwill 3,770  2,937 
Other intangible assets, net 1,107  450 
Investments in associates 13  169 
Deferred tax assets 111  19 
Pension benefits asset 617  314 
Other non-current assets 209  210 
Total non-current assets 6,390  4,582 
Total assets $18,894  $15,421 
Liabilities and equity    
Current liabilities    
Fiduciary liabilities $10,458  $8,948 
Deferred revenue and accrued expenses 752  619 
Income taxes payable 45  33 
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt 988  167 
Other current liabilities 558  444 
Total current liabilities 12,801  10,211 
Non-current liabilities    
Long-term debt 2,278  2,130 
Liability for pension benefits 281  284 
Deferred tax liabilities 298  147 
Provisions for liabilities 295  194 
Other non-current liabilities 533  389 
Total non-current liabilities 3,685  3,144 
Total liabilities 16,486  13,355 
     
Redeemable noncontrolling interest 53  59 
     
Total Willis Group Holdings stockholders' equity 2,222  1,985 
Noncontrolling interests 133  22 
Total equity 2,355  2,007 
Total liabilities and equity $18,894  $15,421 


WILLIS GROUP HOLDINGS plc
SUMMARY DRAFT CASH FLOW STATEMENTS
(in millions) (unaudited)

  Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
  2015 2014 2015 2014
         
Cash flows from operating activities        
Net (loss) income $(18) $83  $384  $373 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to total net cash provided by operating activities   63  38  257 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from purchase of subsidiaries 148  50  (179) (153)
Net cash provided by operating activities $130  $196  $243  $477 
         
Net cash used in investing activities $(595) $(159) $(943) $(276)
         
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities $547  $(40) $641  $(323)
         
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 82  (3) (59) (122)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (16) (18) (44) (39)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 466  656  635  796 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $532  $635  $532  $635 


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

1.  Underlying and organic commissions and fees

The following tables reconcile reported commissions and fees growth to underlying and organic commissions and fees growth for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2015.

 Three months ended December 31,  
 2015 2014 
Change(1)
 Foreign
currency
movements
 Underlying
commissions
and fees
growth
 Acquisitions and
disposals
 Organic
commissions
and fees

 growth
Willis GB$186  $177  5.1% (4.3)% 9.4% 1.1% 8.3%
Willis Capital, Wholesale and Reinsurance142  110  29.1% (1.2)% 30.3% 34.0% (3.7)%
Willis North America320  320  % (0.6)% 0.6% (1.3)% 1.9%
Willis International322  332  (3.0)% (14.4)% 11.4% 2.4% 9.0%
Total$970  $939  3.3% (6.2)% 9.5% 4.7% 4.8%
              
 Twelve months ended December 31,  
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
 Foreign
currency
movements
 Underlying
commissions
and fees
growth
 Acquisitions
and
disposals
 Organic
commissions
and fees
 growth
Willis GB$637  $662  (3.8)% (5.4)% 1.6% (0.2)% 1.8%
Willis Capital, Wholesale and Reinsurance811  749  8.3% (4.2)% 12.5% 11.5% 1.0%
Willis North America1,298  1,318  (1.5)% (0.4)% (1.1)% (3.5)% 2.4%
Willis International1,063  1,038  2.4% (18.7)% 21.1% 13.5% 7.6%
Total$3,809  $3,767  1.1% (6.5)% 7.6% 4.3% 3.3%


(1)  
Percentages may differ due to rounding.


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

2.  Underlying and Organic total expenses, salaries and benefits and other operating expenses

The following tables reconcile total expenses, salaries and benefits and other operating expenses, respectively, the most directly comparable GAAP measures, to underlying and organic total expenses, underlying and organic salaries and benefits, and underlying and organic other operating expenses, for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %  Change(1) 2015 2014 %  Change(1)
Reported Total expenses$972  $819  18.7% $3,402  $3,155  7.8%
Excluding:           
Restructuring costs(33) (16)   (126) (36)  
M&A transaction-related costs(2)(48) (5)   (84) (7)  
Litigation provision(3)(70)     (70)    
Foreign currency movements(4)  (41)     (197)  
Underlying Total expenses$821  $757  8.5% $3,122  $2,915  7.1%
Net expenses from acquisitions and disposals(53) (4)   (210) (29)  
Organic Total expenses$768  $753  2.0% $2,912  $2,886  0.9%


 Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %  Change(1) 2015 2014 %  Change(1)
Reported Salaries and benefits$608  $600  1.3% $2,306  $2,314  (0.3)%
Excluding:           
M&A transaction-related costs(2)(1)     (3)    
Foreign currency movements(4)  (32)     (148)  
Underlying Salaries and benefits$607  $568  6.9% $2,303  $2,166  6.3%
Net expenses from acquisitions and disposals(34) (4)   (134) (25)  
Organic Total Salaries and benefits$573  $564  1.6% $2,169  $2,141  1.3%


 Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %  Change(1) 2015 2014 %  Change(1)
Reported Other operating expenses$283  $165  71.5% $799  $659  21.2%
Excluding:           
M&A transaction-related costs(2)(47) (5)   (81) (7)  
Litigation provision(3)(70)     (70)    
Foreign currency movements(4)  (7)     (42)  
Underlying Other operating expenses$166  $153  8.5% $648  $610  6.2%
Net expenses from acquisitions and disposals      (7)     (40) (4)  
Organic Other operating expenses$159  $153  3.9% $608  $606  0.3%


(1)  
Percentages may differ due to rounding.
(2)  In the second quarter 2015, the definition of underlying measures was modified to exclude the impact from M&A transaction-related costs. Prior period results, which include $7 million of such expenses in the first quarter of 2015 and $5 million of such expenses in the fourth quarter of 2014, have been restated.
(3)  In light of our review of current facts and circumstances relating to ongoing non-ordinary course litigation arising out of Willis' operations, particularly the Stanford litigation matters described in the most recent Willis Group quarterly report filed with the SEC, we added $70 million to our provisions for loss contingencies for those matters.  In conducting such a review, we take into account a variety of factors in accordance with applicable accounting standards. The ultimate resolution of these matters may differ from the amount provided for.
(4)  For prior periods, underlying measures have been rebased to current period exchange rates to remove the impact of foreign currency movements when comparing periods.


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

3.  Underlying and organic revenue, operating income, and operating margin

The following table reconciles total revenues and operating income, respectively the most directly comparable GAAP measures, to underlying and organic revenue, and underlying and organic operating income, for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
Total revenues$974  $958  1.7% $3,829  $3,802  0.7%
Excluding:           
Foreign currency movements(4)  (54)     (230)  
Underlying revenue$974  $904  7.7% $3,829  $3,572  7.2%
Net revenue from acquisitions and disposals(51) (8)   (211) (54)  
Organic revenue$923  $896  3.0% $3,618  $3,518  2.8%
            
Operating income2  139  (98.6)% 427  647  (34.0)%
Excluding:           
Restructuring costs33  16    126  36   
M&A transaction-related costs(2)48  5    84  7   
Litigation provision(3)70      70     
Foreign currency movements(4)  (13)     (33)  
Underlying operating income$153  $147  4.1% $707  $657  7.6%
Net operating loss (income) from acquisitions and disposals2  (4)   (1) (25)  
Organic operating income$155  $143  8.4% $706  $632  11.7%
Operating margin, or operating income as a percentage of total revenues0.2% 14.5%   11.2% 17.0%  
Underlying operating margin, or underlying operating income as a percentage of total underlying revenues15.7% 16.3%   18.5% 18.4%  
Organic operating margin, or organic operating income as a percentage of total organic revenues16.8% 16.0%   19.5% 18.0%  


(1)  
Percentages may differ due to rounding.
(2)  In the second quarter 2015, the definition of underlying measures was modified to exclude the impact from M&A transaction-related costs. Prior period results, which include $7 million of such expenses in the first quarter of 2015 and $5 million of such expenses in the fourth quarter of 2014, have been restated.
(3)  In light of our review of current facts and circumstances relating to ongoing non-ordinary course litigation arising out of Willis' operations, particularly the Stanford litigation matters described in the most recent Willis Group quarterly report filed with the SEC, we added $70 million to our provisions for loss contingencies for those matters.  In conducting such a review, we take into account a variety of factors in accordance with applicable accounting standards. The ultimate resolution of these matters may differ from the amount provided for.
(4)  For prior periods, underlying measures have been rebased to current period exchange rates to remove the impact of foreign currency movements when comparing periods.


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

4.  Underlying and organic EBITDA

The following tables reconcile net income(loss) attributable to Willis Group Holdings plc, the most directly comparable GAAP measure to EBITDA, underlying EBITDA and organic EBITDA, for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
Net (loss) income attributable to Willis Group Holdings plc$(24) $76  (131.6)% $373  $362   3%
Excluding:           
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests6  7    11  11   
Interest in losses (earnings) of associates, net of tax6  5    (11) (14)  
Income taxes4  35    (33) 159   
Interest expense39  34    142  135   
Other (income) expense, net(29) (18)   (55) (6)  
Depreciation25  22    95  92   
Amortization23  16    76  54   
EBITDA$50  $177  (71.8)% $598  $793  (24.6)%
            
Excluding:           
Restructuring costs33  16    126  36   
M&A transaction-related costs(2)48  5    84  7   
Litigation provision(3)70      70     
Foreign currency movements(4)  (15)     (40)  
Underlying EBITDA$201  $183  9.8% $878  $796  10.3%
EBITDA from acquisitions and disposals(10) (4)   (37) (25)  
Organic EBITDA$191  $179  6.7% $841  $771  9.1%
            
EBITDA, or EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues5.1% 18.5%   15.6% 20.9%  
            
Underlying EBITDA margin, or underlying EBITDA as a percentage of underlying revenues20.6% 20.2%   22.9% 22.3%  
            
Organic EBITDA margin, or underlying EBITDA as a percentage of organic revenues20.7% 20.0%   23.2% 21.9%  
            

(1)  Percentages may differ due to rounding.
(2)  In the second quarter 2015, the definition of underlying measures was modified to exclude the impact from M&A transaction-related costs. Prior period results, which include $7 million of such expenses in the first quarter of 2015 and $5 million of such expenses in the fourth quarter of 2014, have been restated.
(3)  In light of our review of current facts and circumstances relating to ongoing non-ordinary course litigation arising out of Willis' operations, particularly the Stanford litigation matters described in the most recent Willis Group quarterly report filed with the SEC, we added $70 million to our provisions for loss contingencies for those matters.  In conducting such a review, we take into account a variety of factors in accordance with applicable accounting standards. The ultimate resolution of these matters may differ from the amount provided for.
(4)  For prior periods, underlying measures have been rebased to current period exchange rates to remove the impact of foreign currency movements when comparing periods.


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

5.  Underlying net income and earnings per diluted share

The following tables reconcile net (loss) income attributable to Willis Group Holdings plc and earnings per diluted share, the most directly comparable GAAP measures, to underlying net income and underlying earnings per diluted share, for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

       Per diluted share
 Three months ended
December 31,
 Three months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
Net (loss) income attributable to Willis Group Holdings plc$(24) $76  n/m     $(0.35) $1.12  n/m    
Excluding:           
Restructuring costs, net of tax ($2, $5)31  11    0.45  0.16   
M&A transaction-related costs, net of tax ($4, $nil)(2)44  5    0.64  0.07   
Litigation provision, net of tax ($28, $nil)(3)42      0.61     
Venezuela currency devaluation27      0.39     
Deferred tax valuation allowance(4)14      0.20     
Gain on remeasurement of equity interests, net of tax ($nil, $nil)(59)     (0.85)    
Net gain on disposal of operations ($nil, $9)  (4)     (0.06)  
Foreign currency movements(5)  (13)     (0.20)  
Underlying net income$75  $75  % $1.09  $1.09  %
            
Average diluted shares outstanding69  68         


       Per diluted share
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 Twelve months ended
December 31,
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
 2015 2014 %
Change(1)
Net Income attributable to Willis Group Holdings plc$373  $362  3.0% $5.41  $5.32  1.7%
Excluding:           
Restructuring costs, net of tax ($28, $8)98  28    1.42  0.41   
M&A transaction-related costs, net of tax ($10, $nil)(2)74  7    1.07  0.10   
Litigation provision, net of tax ($28, $nil)(3)42      0.61     
Venezuela currency devaluation, net of tax ($nil, $1)30  13    0.44  0.19   
Deferred tax valuation allowance(4)(96) 21    (1.40) 0.31   
Gain on remeasurement of equity interests, net of tax ($nil, $nil)(59)     (0.85)    
Net gain on disposal of operations ($4, $10)(21) (2)   (0.31) (0.03)  
Foreign currency movements(5)  (32)     (0.47)  
Underlying net income$441  $397  11.1% $6.39  $5.83  9.6%
            
Average diluted shares outstanding69  68         


(1)  
Percentages may differ due to rounding.
(2)  In the second quarter 2015, the definition of underlying measures was modified to exclude the impact from M&A transaction-related costs. Prior period results, which include $7 million of such expenses in the first quarter of 2015 and approximately $2 million of such expenses in the fourth quarter of 2014, have been restated.
(3)  In light of our review of current facts and circumstances relating to ongoing non-ordinary course litigation arising out of Willis' operations, particularly the Stanford litigation matters described in the most recent Willis Group quarterly report filed with the SEC, we added $70 million to our provisions for loss contingencies for those matters.  In conducting such a review, we take into account a variety of factors in accordance with applicable accounting standards. The ultimate resolution of these matters may differ from the amount provided for.
(4)  The $96 million tax benefit excluded from underlying net income reflects the release of the start of year valuation allowances that was released at the end of the third quarter.  The $14 million favorable adjustment between reported and underlying net income for the quarter reflects a revised presentation of the current year movement.  In the prior three quarters the change in valuation allowance prior to the release has been included as part of the underlying result. Following the release of the valuation allowance the Company has  excluded all impacts related to changes of the valuation allowance from underlying net income.
(5)  For prior periods, underlying measures have been rebased to current period exchange rates to remove the impact of foreign currency movements when comparing periods.


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

6.  Operational Improvement Program restructuring costs

By segment:

 Twelve months ended
December 31, 2014
 Three months ended
December 31,  2015
 Year to date
December 31, 2015
 Total Cumulative
Restructuring Costs
        
Willis GB$10  $2  $27  $37 
Willis Capital, Wholesale and Reinsurance1  1  9  10 
Willis North America3         9  31  34 
Willis International5         9  26  31 
Corporate & other17         12  33  50 
        
Total restructuring costs$36  $33  $126  $162 


By type of restructuring cost:

 Twelve months ended
December 31, 2014
 Three months ended
December 31,  2015
 Year to date
December 31, 2015
 Total Cumulative
Restructuring Costs
        
Termination benefits$16  $2  $36  $52 
Professional services & program staff costs20         31  90  110 
        
Total restructuring costs$36  $33  $126  $162 


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

7.  Condensed consolidated income statements by quarter

 2014 2015
 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 FY Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 FY
Revenues                   
Commissions and fees$1,090  $930  $808  $939  $3,767  $1,081  $917  $841  $970  $3,809 
Investment income4  4  4  4  16  3  3  4  2  12 
Other income 1    15  19  3  2  1  2  8 
Total revenues1097  935  812  958  3,802  1,087  922  846  974  3,829 
Expenses                   
Salaries and benefits570  575  569  600  2,314  567  561  570  608  2,306 
Other operating expenses165  173  156  165  659  160  179  177  283  799 
Depreciation expense23  24  23  22  92  22  23  25  25  95 
Amortization of intangible assets13  12  13  16  54  14  16  23  23  76 
Restructuring costs  3  17  16  36  31  38  24  33  126 
Total expenses771   787  778  819  3,155  794  817  819  972  3,402 
Operating income326  148  34  139  647  293  105  27  2  427 
Other expense (income), net  3  9  (18) (6) 6  (23) (9) (29) (55)
Interest expense32  35  34  34  135  33  35  35  39  142 
Income (loss) before income taxes and interest in earnings (losses) of associates294  110  (9) 123  518  254  93  1  (8) 340 
Income tax expense (benefit)63  59  2  35  159  56  19  (112) 4  (33)
Income (loss) before interest in earnings (losses) of associates231  51  (11) 88  359  198  74  113  (12) 373 
Interest in earnings (losses) of associates, net of tax19  (3) 3  (5) 14  16  (2) 3  (6) 11 
Net income (loss)250  48  (8) 83  373  214  72  116  (18) 384 
Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests(4) (1) 1  (7) (11) (4) (2) 1  (6) (11)
Net income (loss) attributable to Willis group Holdings$246  $47  $(7) $76  $362  $210  $70  $117  $(24) $373 
Diluted earnings per share                   
Net income (loss) attributable to Willis Group Holdings shareholders$3.57  $0.68  $(0.10) $1.12  $5.32  $3.04  $1.01  $1.70  $(0.35) $5.41 
Average number of shares outstanding                   
- Diluted69  69  67  68  68  69  69  69  68  69 


Willis Group Holdings plc 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in millions, except per share data) (unaudited)

8. Segment Information by Quarter

 2014 2015
 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 FY Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 FY
Commissions and fees                   
Willis GB$150  $187  $148  $177  $662  $142  $170  $139  $186  $637 
Willis CWR303  192  144  110  749  296  190  183  142  811 
Willis North America354  323  321  320  1,318  356  314  308  320  1,298 
Willis International283  228  195  332  1,038  287  243  211  322  1,063 
Total commissions and fees$1,090  $930  $808  $939  $3,767  $1,081  $917  $841  $970  $3,809 
                    
Total Revenues                   
Willis GB$153  $190  $149  $177  $669  $143  $171  $141  $186  $641 
Willis CWR304  193  145  124  766  297  191  184  143  815 
Willis North America355  323  322  323  1,323  359  316  309  321  1,305 
Willis International285  229  196  334  1,044  288  244  212  324  1,068 
Total Revenues$1,097  $935  $812  $958  $3,802  $1,087  $922  $846  $974  $3,829 
                    
Operating income                   
Willis GB$22  $57  $21  $48  $148  $21  $39  $24  $59  $143 
Willis CWR168  63  9  (16) 224  153  36  9  (40) 158 
Willis North America83  47  45  57  232  78  32  34  43  187 
Willis International84  23  (10) 98  195  70  19  (12) 88  165 
Corporate and other(a)(31) (42) (31) (48) (152) (29) (21) (28) (148) (226)
Total operating income$326  $148  $34  $139  $647  $293  $105  $27  $2  $427 
                    
Organic commissions and fees growth                   
Willis GB(6.3)% 6.9% (5.1)% (2.2)% (1.5)% 1.1% (2.3)% (0.7)% 8.3% 1.8%
Willis CWR6.3% 2.7% 3.6% 2.8% 4.3% 1.3% (2.3)% 8.8% (3.7)% 1.0%
Willis North America5.4% 3.5% 4.2% (1.8)% 2.7% 4.7% 2.5% % 1.9% 2.4%
Willis International7.2% 6.1% 5.6% 15.0% 8.8% 5.3% 7.1% 8.6% 9.0% 7.6%
Total organic commissions and fees growth4.2% 4.5% 2.5% 3.6% 3.8% 3.4% 1.6% 3.3% 4.8% 3.3%
                    
Operating margin                   
Willis GB14.4% 30.0% 14.1% 27.1% 22.1% 14.9% 23.1% 17.0% 31.7% 22.3%
Willis CWR55.3% 32.6% 6.2% (12.9)% 29.2% 51.7% 19.3% 4.9% (28.0)% 19.4%
Willis North America23.4% 14.6% 14.0% 17.6% 17.5% 21.6% 10.2% 11.0% 13.4% 14.3%
Willis International29.5% 10.0% (5.1)% 29.3% 18.7% 24.4% 7.6% (5.7)% 27.2% 15.4%
Total operating margin29.7% 15.8% 4.2% 14.5% 17.0% 26.9% 11.4% 3.2% 0.2% 11.2%


(a)  Corporate and other includes certain leadership, project and other costs relating to group functions and the non-servicing or financing elements of the defined benefit pension scheme cost (income).

Towers Watson & Co. 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in thousands) (unaudited)

9. Towers Watson & Co. Financial Data

Segment Revenue:

Segment Revenue      Components of Revenue Change
 Three months ended
December 31,
 As Reported Currency Constant Currency Acquisitions Organic
 2015 2014 Change Impact Change Divestitures Change
              
Benefits$467,378  $488,453   (4)%  (4)% —% —% —%
Exchange Solutions132,497  93,924   41% —%  41%  8%  33%
Risk & Financial Services144,664  154,278   (6)%  (5)%  (1)%  1%  (2)%
Talent & Rewards174,826  183,973   (5)%  (5)% —%  (2)%  2%
Reportable Segments$919,365  $920,628           
              
       Components of Revenue Change
 Six months ended
December 31,
 As Reported Currency Constant Currency Acquisitions Organic
 2015 2014 Change Impact Change Divestitures Change
              
Benefits$915,402  $954,040   (4)%  (4)% —% —% —%
Exchange Solutions250,988  180,206   39% —%  39%  8%  31%
Risk & Financial Services282,387  302,304   (7)%  (7)% —%  1%  (1)%
Talent & Rewards335,117  337,267   (1)%  (5)%  4%  (2)%  6%
Reportable Segments$1,783,894  $1,773,817           


Reconciliation of Reportable Segment Revenue to Consolidated Revenue:

 Three months ended December 31, Six months ended December 31,
 2015 2014 2015 2014
        
Reportable Segments$919,365  $920,628  $1,783,894  $1,773,817 
Reimbursable Expenses and Other30,250  37,294  61,342  62,212 
Consolidated Revenues$949,615  $957,922  $1,845,236  $1,836,029 


Reconciliation of As Reported Revenue change to Constant Currency change and Organic Change:

       Components of Revenue Change
 Revenue As Reported Currency Constant Currency Acquisitions Organic
 2015 2014 Change Impact Change Divestitures Change
              
Three months ended December 31,$949,615  $957,922   (1)%  (4)%  3% —%  3%
Six months ended December 31,1,845,236  1,836,029   1%  (4)%  5%  1%  4%


Towers Watson & Co. 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in thousands) (unaudited)

9. Towers Watson & Co. Financial Data (continued)

Segment Net Operating Income:

 Three months ended December 31, Six months ended December 31,
 2015 2014 2015 2014
        
Benefits$167,550  $175,023  $319,010  $330,782 
Exchange Solutions20,045  12,462  41,561  26,474 
Risk & Financial Services                        36,754  41,744  70,256  77,305 
Talent & Rewards63,903  67,568  111,368  104,411 
Reportable Segments$288,252  $296,797  $542,195  $538,972 


Reconciliation of Reportable Segment Net Operating Income to Income from Operations:

 Three months ended December 31, Six months ended December 31,
 2015 2014 2015 2014
        
Reportable Segments$288,252  $296,797  $542,195  $538,972 
Differences in Allocation Methods(5,644) 11,672  4,147  27,384 
Amortization of Intangible Assets(23,276) (17,279) (40,144) (34,816)
Transaction and Integration Expenses(80,801)   -   (90,131)   -  
Stock-Based Compensation(5,946) (5,738) (8,411) (11,290)
Discretionary Compensation(81,493) (111,015) (182,862) (203,379)
Payroll Tax on Discretionary Compensation(8,709) (6,327) (14,327) (11,846)
Other, net(11,691) (1,100) (10,374) (12,017)
  Income from Operations$70,693  $167,010  $200,093  $293,008 


Towers Watson & Co. 
SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
(in thousands) (unaudited)

9. Towers Watson & Co. Financial Data (continued)

Reconciliation of Net Income (attributable to common stockholders) to Adjusted Net Income (attributable to common stockholders):

 Three months ended December 31, Six months ended December 31,
 2015 2014 2015 2014
        
Net Income (attributable to common stockholders)$11,211  $110,176  $134,593  $191,734 
Adjusted for certain items:       
Amortization of intangible assets16,304  11,507  27,376  22,932 
Transaction and integration expenses including severance55,285    61,543   
Gain on sale of HRSD business    (37,154)  
US Tax Cost of Foreign Repatriation36,817    36,817   
Adjusted Net Income (attributable to common stockholders)$119,617  $121,683  $223,175  $214,666 


The adjustments to net income attributable to common stockholders are net of tax. In calculating the net of tax amounts, the effective tax rates applied were as follows:

 Three months ended December 31, Six months ended December 31,
  2015   2014   2015   2014 
        
Amortization of intangible assets 29.95%  33.41%  31.81%  34.13%
Transaction and integration expenses including severance   31.58%       n/a  31.72%      n/a
Gain on sale of HRSD business       n/a       n/a  32.92%      n/a


Reconciliation of Net Income (attributable to common stockholders) to Adjusted EBITDA

 Three months ended December 31, Six months ended December 31,
 2015   2014   2015   2014 
Net Income (attributable to common stockholders)              $11,211  $110,176  $134,593  $191,734 
Provision for Income Taxes55,653  55,372  116,211  99,434 
Interest, net2,159  1,292  3,039  2,557 
Depreciation and Amortization53,752  44,107  97,944  88,976 
Transaction and Integration Expenses80,801    90,131   
Other Non-Operating Income (a)1,286  (34) (54,135) (865)
Adjusted EBITDA$204,862  $210,913  $387,783  $381,836 
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 21.6%  22.0%  21.0%  20.8%


(a) Other non-operating income includes income from affiliates and other non-operating income including a gain on the sale of the Human Resources Service Delivery (HRSD) business of $55.4 million for the six months ended December 31, 2015.


Investors:
Aida Sukys
+1 703-258-8033
Email: Aida.Sukys@WillisTowersWatson.com
Matt Rohrmann
+1 212-915-8180
Email: Matt.Rohrmann@WillisTowersWatson.com
Media:
Juliet Massey
+44 7984 156 739
Email: Juliet.Massey@WillisTowersWatson.com

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