Bank of America Corp. operates as a bank holding company, which provides banking and nonbanking financial services and products through its banking and various nonbanking subsidiaries throughout the U. S. and in certain international markets. It operates through five segments: Consumer & Business Banking, Consumer Real Estate Services, Global Banking, Global Markets and Global Wealth & Investment Management. The Consumer & Business Banking segment offers a diversified range of credit, banking and investment products and services to consumers and businesses. Its products include traditional savings accounts, money market savings accounts, CDs, IRAs, noninterest- and interest-bearing checking accounts and investment accounts. The Consumer Real Estate Services segment provides an extensive line of consumer real estate products and services to customers nationwide. Its products include fixed- and adjustable-rate first-lien mortgage loans for home purchase and refinancing needs, HELOC and home equity loans. The Global Banking segment provides a range of lending-related products and services, integrated working capital management and treasury solutions to clients, and underwriting and advisory services. The Global Markets segment offers sales and trading services, which includes research to institutional clients across fixed income, credit, currency, commodity and equity businesses. The Global Wealth & Investment Management segment provides wealth management solutions to a broad base of clients from emerging affluent to the ultra-wealthy. Its services include investment and brokerage services, estate and financial planning, fiduciary portfolio management, cash and liability management and specialty asset management. The company was founded by Amadeo Peter Giannini in 1904 is headquartered in Charlotte, NC.