UnitedHealth Group, Inc. provides health care coverage, software and data consultancy services. The company operates through four business segments: UnitedHealthcare, OptumHealth, OptumInsight and OptumRx. The UnitedHealthcare segment includes UnitedHealthcare Employer & Individual, UnitedHealthcare Medicare & Retirement and UnitedHealthcare Community & State. UnitedHealthcare Employer & Individual offers a comprehensive array of consumer-oriented health benefit plans and services for national employers, public sector employers, mid-sized employers, small businesses and individuals nationwide. UnitedHealthcare Medicare & Retirement provides health and well-being services to individuals age 50 and older and offers a wide spectrum of Medicare products, including Medicare Advantage plans, Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage and Medigap products that supplement traditional fee-for-service coverage, which may be sold to individuals or on a group basis. The UnitedHealthcare Community & State segment provides solutions to states that care for the economically disadvantaged, the medically underserved, and those without benefit of employer-funded health care coverage in exchange for a monthly premium per member from the applicable state. The OptumHealth segment provides health services business serving the broad health care marketplace, including payers, care providers, employers, government, life sciences companies and consumers. Optum helps improve overall health system performance. It is organized into three segments: optimizing care quality, reducing costs and improving the consumer experience and care provider performance. Optum is organized in three segments: OptumHealth focuses on health management and wellness, clinical services and financial services, OptumInsight delivers technology, health intelligence, consulting and business outsourcing solutions and OptumRx specializes in pharmacy services. The OptumInsight segment is health information, technology, services and consulting company providing software and information products, advisory consulting services, and business process outsourcing to participants in the health care industry. Hospitals, physicians, commercial health plans, government agencies, life sciences companies and other organizations that comprise the health care system work with OptumInsight to reduce costs, meet compliance mandates, improve clinical performance and adapt to the changing health system landscape. The OptumRx segment OptumRx provides a multitude of pharmacy benefit management (PBM) services. PBM services and manages specialty pharmacy benefits across nearly all of UnitedHealthcare's businesses, as well as for external employer groups, union trusts, managed care organizations, Medicare-contracted plans, Medicaid plans and TPAs, including for pharmacy benefit services, mail service only, rebate services only and network services. It also provides claims processing, retail network contracting, rebate contracting and management and clinical programs, such as step therapy, formulary management and disease/drug therapy management programs to achieve a low-cost, high-quality armacy benefit. The company was founded in January 1977 and is headquartered in Minneapolis, MN.