Exclusive: Mexico central bank boss hopes Trump won't be a 'hurricane'

Top Mexico official eyes 'openness' in Trump stance
Top Mexico official eyes 'openness' in Trump stance

Donald Trump's campaign threats have made Mexicans fearful. His election sent the peso plummeting to an all-time low.

Last week, Mexico's central bank pulled the trigger on a "contingency plan" to weather a Trump presidency. Agustin Carstens, head of the Bank of Mexico, is on high alert. It's his job to protect his country if Trump acts on what he calls "hurricane" level anti-Mexico campaign promises. For now, he hopes that's not going to happen.

"I hope we don't get to the hurricane level," Carstens told CNNMoney in an exclusive interview in Mexico City. "I understand there are some things that are said during the campaign and once the person is in power, different decisions have to be taken."

Related: Will Trump's Mexican tariffs kill the small car

Bank of Mexico, also known as Banxico, raised its key interest rate last week to ease the peso's collapse. The central bank cited the U.S. election as the main reason behind its decision, saying the economic outlook for Mexico had already "deteriorated."

Beyond the peso's plunge, the greater concern is that foreign investors will pull their money from the country out of fear that Trump's policies would make doing business in Mexico difficult.

Trump has already said that one of top priorities is renegotiating, or withdrawing from, NAFTA, the free trade deal between Mexico, Canada and the U.S. Trump also wants Mexico to pay for a wall along the border and he threatens to impose a 35% tariff on Mexico's exports to America.

"In a way you can say it's why we have been increasing interest rates," Carstens said. But he'd like to wait and see before doing more. "It's like when you are a doctor and the patients come, you want to give them the right doses...I think a gradual approach is appropriate," he said.

Related: Trump takes credit for saving Ford jobs that weren't going to Mexico

Carstens has seen cash flee Mexico before. Educated at the University of Chicago, Carstens worked at Banxico in 1994 during Mexico's financial crisis. The government devalued the peso, causing inflation to skyrocket and Mexicans suffered through a severe recession.

Carstens is widely respected. He served as deputy managing director at the International Monetary Fund in Washington D.C. and has served as Mexico's finance minister. He took the reins at Banxico in 2010, helping lead Mexico out of the global financial crisis.

Now Carsten faces his next challenge in Trump. Tearing up NAFTA or imposing a tariff would badly hurt Mexico's economy if they are fully implemented. However, there's lots of uncertainty in the details of Trump's plans.

Related: America's NAFTA nemesis: Canada, not Mexico

Mexico's President, Enrique Pena Nieto, who had a controversial meeting with Trump while he campaigned, saw his approval rating hit a new all-time low over the weekend. Only 25% of Mexicans approve of Pena Nieta, according to a survey by polling agency Buendia & Laredo for the newspaper El Universal.

Carstens is watching, but he is hopeful.

"What we have to avoid is to overreact," says Carstens.

When asked if he's optimistic, he said smiling "Yes, I am."

CNNMoney Sponsors