Finally: Fed raises rates for first time in 2016

Fed shows confidence in U.S. economy with rate hike
Fed shows confidence in U.S. economy with rate hike

America finally got a rate hike this year.

The Federal Reserve increased its key interest rate by 0.25% on Wednesday. It signified the Fed's confidence in the improving U.S. economy. Rising rates will affect millions of Americans, including home buyers, savers and investors.

Fed officials raised its target for short-term interest rates by 0.25 percentage points to a range of 0.50% and 0.75%.

It was just the second time in a decade that the Fed has raised rates. The first was in December 2015.

"Economic growth has picked up since the middle of the year," said Janet Yellen, the Fed's chair. "We expect the economy will continue to perform well."

The Fed slashed rates to zero in 2008 in the midst of the financial crisis and kept it there during the Great Recession and beyond.

Related: What a Fed rate hike means for you

The rate increase indicates that the U.S. economy no longer needs the Fed's crutches and consumers and businesses can afford to pay more to borrow. America has added jobs for 74 consecutive months and the country's unemployment rate has fallen to 4.6%, its lowest level since 2007. The U.S. economy has expanded for seven years, even though the pace of growth has been slow.

The Fed's rate hike "should be viewed essentially as good news -- the Fed sees enough strength" in the economy, says Vincent Reinhart, chief economist at Standish, an investment firm in Boston.

The Fed hinted that it could raise rates at a faster pace next year. Most Fed officials now project three or more rate hikes in 2017. In September, Fed officials predicted they would only raise rates once or twice next year.

The stock market fell after the decision was announced and Yellen's news conference was underway. The Dow fell over 100 points.

Yellen indicated that the Fed's role in the economy is starting to recede and that Congress will start taking over that job of helping stimulate the economy.

Fiscal policy is "not obviously needed to provide stimulus," she said.

Yellen clarified that it didn't mean she was "trying to provide advice to the new administration or Congress," but said that her staff has been in touch with transition team of President-elect Donald Trump.

Related: Janet Yellen to Donald Trump: I'm not going anywhere

Wednesday's move could be the first of more. Some economists believe the Fed will need to raise rates more often -- and perhaps at higher levels -- if President-elect Donald Trump spends big on infrastructure.

"With the economy much closer to full employment now and a strong likelihood of a fiscal stimulus next year...we expect the Fed to accelerate the pace of [rate hikes] next year," says Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics.

A big spending plan would spark demand for many goods, which could cause inflation to accelerate from its low levels. The Fed will have to fight inflation by raising rates.

However, nothing is certain with the Fed. That truth bore out this year. Fed leaders originally projected raising rates four times in 2016. But after a slew of setbacks, such as low oil prices earlier in the year, Fed officials only felt comfortable with this one rate hike for the entire year.

The Fed released a new forecast Wednesday and it projects U.S. economic growth this year to be 1.9% and next year to be 2.1%, both slightly better than the Fed's previous projection in September.

Overall, the Fed's rate increase reflects its confidence in the economy, experts say.

"The Fed is clearly comfortable with how the U.S. economy is currently performing," says Scott Anderson, chief economist at Bank of the West in San Francisco.

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