Welcome to Ameritrade Plus University
  Buying a home
Top 10 things
The details:

Are you ready?

Lining up cash

Picking a team

The hunt

Closing the deal

For sellers only
Take the test
  Setting priorities
  Making a budget
  Basics of banking
  Basics of investing
  Investing in stocks
  Investing in bonds
  Buying a home
  Investing in mutual funds
  Controlling debt
  Employee stock options
  Saving for college
  Kids and money
  Planning for retirement
  Investing in IPOs
  Asset allocation
  Hiring financial help
  Health insurance
  Buying a car
  Home insurance
  Life insurance
  Futures and options
  Family law
  Estate planning
  Auto insurance

|> About Money 101

investing 101

  Top 10 things to know
Here is an overview of the most important points of this lesson. For more discussion, click any section of "The details" at the upper right (calculators are marked with a ). Or, click "Take the test" to jump directly to the quiz.

1. Don't buy if you can't stay put.
If you can't commit to remaining in one place for five years or more, then owning is probably not for you, at least not yet. With slow appreciation and the costs of buying and selling a home, you may end up losing money if you sell any sooner than that.

2. Start by shoring up your credit.
Since you will most likely need to get a mortgage to buy a house, you must make sure your credit history is as clean as possible. A few months before you start househunting, get copies of your credit report. Make sure the facts are correct. Fix any problems you discover.

3. Aim for a home you can really afford.
The rule of thumb is that you can buy housing that runs about two-and-one-half times your annual salary. But you'll do better to use one of the Internet's many calculators to get a better handle on your income, debts and expenses and how those affect what you can afford.

4. Don't worry if you can't put down the usual 20 percent.
There are a variety of public and private lenders who, if you qualify, offer low-interest mortgages that require a down payment as small as three percent of the purchase price.

5. Buy in a district with good schools.
This advice applies even if you don't -- and won't -- have school-age children. Reason: When it comes time to sell, you'll learn that strong school districts are a top priority for many home buyers -- thus helping to boost property values.

6. Get professional help.
Even though the Internet gives buyers unprecedented access to home listings, it's still a good idea to use an agent. Look for an exclusive buyer agent, if possible, who will have your interests at heart and can help you with strategies during the bidding process.

7. Choose carefully between points and rate.
When picking a mortgage, you usually have the option of paying additional points -- a portion of the interest that you pay at closing -- in exchange for a lower interest rate. If you stay in the house for a long time -- say five to seven years or more -- it's usually a better deal to take the points. The lower interest rate will save you more in the long run.

8. When househunting, bring your camera.
Or at least a notebook to jot down reminders, since after you look at a half-dozen or so houses the details begin to blur in your mind. Best choice would either be an electronic camera that lets you take notes right on the image, or a Polaroid so that you can scribble comments in the margins.

9. Do your homework before bidding.
Your opening bid should be based on the sales trend of similar homes in the neighborhood. So before making it, consider sales of similar homes in the last three months. If homes have recently sold at five percent less than the asking price, you should make a bid that's about eight to 10 percent lower than what the seller is asking.

10. Hire a home inspector.
Sure, your lender will require a home appraisal anyway. But that's just the bank's way of determining whether the house is worth the price you've agreed to pay. Separately, you should hire your own home inspector -- preferably an engineer with experience in doing home surveys in the area where you are buying. His or her job will be to point out potential problems that could require costly repairs down the road.

Next: Are you ready?

© 2003 Cable News Network LP, LLLP.