Microsoft's share repurchase program replaces a previous $40 billion repurchase program that was set to expire at the end of the month. This new buyback program does not have an expiration date.
At the end of the most recent quarter, Microsoft reported it had $77 billion in cash on its balance sheet. It also reported nearly $5 billion in net income in what was considered a disappointing quarter, bringing its full fiscal year earnings to $21.9 billion.
The strength of its balance sheet and its earnings stream are among the reasons that the company is one of only four U.S. companies with the top AAA credit rating.