Google is becoming a wireless carrier

5 stunning stats about Google
5 stunning stats about Google

Soon, you will be able to buy a smartphone not through Verizon, AT&T, Sprint or T-Mobile -- but with Google Wireless.

Google (GOOGL) will start selling cell phone service, the company's products chief Sundar Pichai announced at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona on Monday. Google will formally announce its plans "in the coming months," with a launch coming at a later date.

PIchai said that the scale of Google's wireless service is expected to be small -- it won't be building out its own nationwide infrastructure. Instead, Google will piggyback on existing carriers. Multiple news reports say Google's service will operate on the Sprint (S) and T-Mobile (TMUS) networks.

Similar to Google Fiber's small rollout, Pichai said the point of Google Wireless won't be to unseat the established Big Four wireless giants. Rather, the point is to showcase wireless innovations and pressure the carriers to do the same.

"We don't intend to be a network operator at scale; we are actually working with carrier partners," Pichai said. "Our goal is to drive a set of innovations we think should arrive, but do it a smaller scale, like Nexus devices, so people will see what we're doing."

This has been a long time coming.

For years, Google has been assembling just about all the pieces it needs to become a mobile provider.

The search giant already makes the most-used mobile software on the planet, it designs and sells phones online, and it has become an Internet service provider with its Google Fiber initiative. It even has its own VoIP phone service called Google Voice, which allows people to get a Google phone number and call people through Gmail or Hangouts over Wi-Fi.

The missing link has been the cell towers needed to build out a nationwide network.

Google is expected to pay Sprint and T-Mobile just $2 per gigabyte, according to Macquarie Securities analyst Kevin Smithen. That means Google could choose to provide super-cheap service that gives Verizon (VZ) and AT&T (T) something to worry about.

Google declined to name its partners.

Related: Google+ is about to be broken up

Google is hardly the first to try selling its wireless service. Best Buy (BBY), Staples (SPLS) and Wal-Mart (WMT)all offer wireless plans to their customers.

If successful, Google's plan could pave the way for Apple (AAPL) to sell its own wireless service with every iPhone. And Facebook (FB) and other companies with a vested interest in connecting people to the Internet could get involved too.

But there's a lot of risk associated with being a wireless carrier too. When service inevitably goes down or connections fail, customers will blame Google -- not Sprint or T-Mobile -- for the disruptions.

CNNMoney Sponsors