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Take this home market...and love it
High housing prices are driving residents from many U.S. metro areas. Here's where they are going.
December 12, 2005: 2:47 PM EST
By Les Christie, staff writer

NEW YORK ( - Home prices in many American metro areas have soared, and many of their residents are either pulling up stakes and moving to lower priced regions -- many more are thinking about it.

Sometimes, these migrants are simply desperate to break into the housing market -- they're moving so they can stop renting and buy an affordable home of their own.

For those who own already, high-prices enable them to tap windfall profits -- they can trade in expensive houses for comparable spaces at a much lower prices and pocket the difference.

In either case, "Affordability is a factor driving mobility," says Mark Zandi, chief economist for

The trend is most pronounced in California, New York City and environs, the Boston metro area and northern Virginia (see table below).

Artistic license

Take New York City. It's not just New Yorkers retiring and moving to Florida, anymore, or buying a tract home in the suburbs.

One example: For decades the city's vibrant art scene was made possible by the presence of low-priced space that starving artists could afford to live and work in. In Bohemian days, it was Greenwich Village. In the 1960s, artists moved into the East Village, Soho and Tribeca. Later on artists found cheap loft spaces in Williamsburg and Long Island City.

All those locales are now out of the price ranges of most artists just starting out.

The result: "Philadelphia is the new Williamsburg" has become the hot, hip saying around artistic circles.

The numbers bear it out: in 2004 there was a net outflow of 11,490 people -- of course they weren't all artists -- from New York to Philadelphia, according to data provided by That is, 11,490 more people moved from New York to Philadelphia than vice versa, an astounding number for one year.

California scheming

California movements have been even more spectacular. The incredible gains made in home prices in California have also resulted in mass exoduses from the main coastal cities to other California towns and to Las Vegas and Phoenix, where houses are much more affordable (although gaining fast).

Nearly 70,000 residents of the Los Angeles area moved inland to the Riverside/San Bernardino area in 2004. That was added to by a net outflow from San Diego to Riverside of 16,751.

The difference in the price of the median LA home ($553,200) and Riverside ($387,300) helps explain the direction of the flow. And the flow is accelerating. In 1999, the net difference was only about 33,000.

The migration has bolstered Riverside prices. They've more than doubled in the past three years. And, in turn, Riverside residents are starting to take their leave for places like Phoenix, where 1,499 more Riverside residents moved to than from in 2004 and where, despite the hottest housing market in the country, a median priced house still sells for just $268,000.

Californian's are even looking further afield: There is anecdotal information that Californians have left for inexpensive areas in Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, and other Midwestern states.  Top of page

Where people are leaving...where they're going
The 7 major cities below are experiencing net reductions in population, according to Listed are the 3 leading destinations. Click on city names for more detailed statistics.
Source Market
Target Market
Median home price Net migration
Boston $430,900  
Manchester, NH NA 3,752
Providence $305,100 3,699
Tampa 213,500 2,052
Los Angeles $553,200  
Riverside $387,300 69,085
Las Vegas $313,000 10,975
Phoenix $268,000 5,433
Miami $386,600  
Port St. Lucie NA 7,557
Cape Coral/Ft. Myers $277,600 2,567
Tampa $213,500 2,548
New York $533,600  
Miami $386,600 20,551
Orlando $261,300 12,369
Philadelphia $230,600 11,490
San Francisco $721,900  
Stockton $371,000 9,372
Sacramento $388,900 8,768
Vallejo $400,000 3,008
San Diego $615,000  
Riverside $387,300 16,751
Las Vegas $313,000 2,199
Phoenix $268,000 1,697
Washington $441,400  
Baltimore $282,100 6,931
Hagerstown, MD $224,400 4,488
Richmond $214,500 1,816
Sources:, National Association of Realtors, and National Association of Home Builders
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