BofA to slash mortgage payments

The foreclosure prevention program is the most aggressive initiative undertaken yet to help stem the housing crisis.

EMAIL  |   PRINT  |   SHARE  |   RSS
 
google my aol my msn my yahoo! netvibes
Paste this link into your favorite RSS desktop reader
See all CNNMoney.com RSS FEEDS (close)
By Les Christie, CNNMoney.com staff writer

What is your current investment strategy?
  • Looking for safety
  • Holding steady
  • Buying stocks
Mortgage Rates
30 yr fixed 4.36%
15 yr fixed 3.39%
5/1 ARM 3.36%
30 yr refi 4.34%
15 yr refi 3.38%

Find personalized rates:
 

Rates provided by Bankrate.com.

NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- A plan announced today by Bank of America will be the most aggressive foreclosure prevention effort ever undertaken by a U.S. bank.

The program, scheduled to start in December, will be open to distressed borrowers who signed up with Countrywide Financial between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2007. Countrywide was acquired by Bank of America (BAC, Fortune 500) in July.

It came in a legal settlement that the company entered into with the attorney general offices of 11 states, who had sued Countrywide over predatory lending practices, but the company stated that borrowers in all 50 states will be eligible to participate in the program.

"The Countrywide settlement is a watershed moment for loan modification programs," said Mark Pearce, North Carolina's Deputy Commissioner of Banks and a member of the State Foreclosure Prevention Working Group. "This is, by far, the best [program ever], even better than the FDIC program with IndyMac Bank."

As part of the initiative, Bank of America will cut monthly housing payments, including mortgage, property taxes and insurance, to no more than 34% of gross income. The move is expected to help keep as many as 400,000 troubled borrowers in their homes.

The program targets holders of subprime adjustable rate mortgage (ARMs), subprime fixed rate loans and option ARMs, but prime and Alt-A borrowers, who did not document their income, will be eligible as well.

No other foreclosure prevention effort has aimed to keep borrowers' house payments so low.

"[The program's] affordability is far better than any other program out there," said Rick Simon, spokesman for Bank of America.

By contrast, the much heralded foreclosure-prevention initiative announced in August by the FDIC for customers of IndyMac Bank, the subprime lender that the agency took over in July, said it will keep borrower payments to no more than 38% of gross income.

"This is the biggest mandatory modification of loans in U.S. history," said Jerry Brown, attorney general of California, the state with the largest number of borrowers who may benefit from the settlement. "Of course, we never saw such a big rip-off by any other company either."

According to Simon, the Countrywide program will proactively screen all of its borrowers for eligibility, and then contact them directly to offer loan workouts. No prepayment penalties or modification fees will apply. But the program can't help every Countrywide borrower. Some, because of illness, divorce, job loss and the like, simply won't be able to afford any reasonable mortgage payment.

Simon added that Bank of America is training personnel and putting systems into place that it hopes will enable staff to deal with a large number of mortgages all at once.

Cheaper than foreclosure

The new program comes with a price tag of $8.4 billion, but Simon says that it will cost much less than foreclosing on homes en masse.

As the credit crisis continues, more and more lenders and mortgage servicers are coming to grips with the fact that preventing a foreclosure is usually cheaper than going through the repossession process and then reselling the property in a declining market.

Depending on each borrower's circumstances, Bank of America might freeze or lower a loan's interest rate or even cut the principal loan balance. The bank said it will also participate in the government's Hope for Homeowners program, a provision of the housing rescue bill which went into effect Oct. 1 and makes FHA-insured loans available for delinquent borrowers.

The announcement of the program came on the heels of Friday's approval of the $700 billion Wall Street bailout, a measure which has been criticized for failing to address the foreclosure crisis head on.

The hope is that other lenders and servicers will follow Countrywide's lead.

"Now that we've gotten this with Countrywide, I would expect that we'll be talking with other major servicers to implement similar programs in the near future," said North Carolina Deputy Commissioner of Banks Mark Pearce, who worked on this settlement.

But he and other members of the the State Foreclosure Prevention Working Group have been pushing other lenders to do something this drastic for months, without much luck.

"So far, they have failed to show the leadership required to get it done," said Pearce. "I hope, having the market leader do this will spur the other servicers to greater action." To top of page

Find mortgage rates in your area


Features
They're hiring!These Fortune 100 employers have at least 350 openings each. What are they looking for in a new hire? More
If the Fortune 500 were a country...It would be the world's second-biggest economy. See how big companies' sales stack up against GDP over the past decade. More
Sponsored By:
More Galleries
50 years of the Ford Mustang Take a drive down memory lane with our favorite photos of the car through the years. More
Cool cars from the New York Auto Show These are some of the most interesting new models and concept vehicles from the Big Apple's car show. More
8 CEOs who took a pay cut in 2013 Median CEO pay inched up 9% in 2013 to $13.9 million. But not everyone got a bump last year. Here are eight CEOs who missed out. More

Market indexes are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer LIBOR Warning: Neither BBA Enterprises Limited, nor the BBA LIBOR Contributor Banks, nor Reuters, can be held liable for any irregularity or inaccuracy of BBA LIBOR. Disclaimer. Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer The Dow Jones IndexesSM are proprietary to and distributed by Dow Jones & Company, Inc. and have been licensed for use. All content of the Dow Jones IndexesSM © 2014 is proprietary to Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Chicago Mercantile Association. The market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved. Most stock quote data provided by BATS.