Philadelphia passes a soda tax

How Coke gets consumers to pay more for less soda
How Coke gets consumers to pay more for less soda

Philadelphia has become the second city in the United States to approve a soda tax.

In a final vote of 13-4, the Philadelphia City Council on Thursday passed a 1.5-cents-per-ounce tax on sugar-added and artificially sweetened soft drinks. That would add 18 cents to the cost of a can of soda, $1.08 for a six-pack or $1.02 for a two-liter bottle.

The new soda tax would be on top of the 8% sales tax that already applies to soda in Pennsylvania. Soda is classified as food, which is tax exempt in some states, but not in Pennsylvania.

The measure is expected to be signed by Philadelphia Mayor Jim Kenney. Kenney originally proposed a 3-cents-per-ounce soda tax.

Related: Saudis will soon pay a tax on soda and tobacco

The new tax goes into effect on Jan. 1, 2017 and is estimated to raise $91 million a year.

That money will be used to fund pre-K expansion, community schools, reinvestment in parks and recreation centers, and add to the City's General Fund. It will also fund tax credits that the council approved for retailers that sell "healthy" beverages.

Related: Should there be a fat tax on soda and junk food?

Back in 2014, Berkeley, California, became the first city in the country to pass a soda tax.

Lauren Kane, spokeswoman for the American Beverage Association, slammed the tax as regressive. "The fact remains that these taxes are discriminatory and highly unpopular - not only with Philadelphians, but with all Americans." She also noted that the ABA would try to take legal action to stop it.

For different reasons, policy experts question the efficacy of taxing one type of beverage or food to reduce the incidence of diabetes or obesity. Sugar, for instance, isn't necessarily the only factor affecting the risk for -- or consequences of -- obesity, the Tax Policy Center noted in a paper published last December. What's more, all sugars may contribute to health risks, even naturally occurring ones in juices and other beverages.

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