Investors brace for bad bank earnings

Wall Street is anticipating a deluge of disappointing quarterly reports from the financial sector as credit crisis rolls on.

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By David Ellis, CNNMoney.com staff writer

Big trouble ahead for banks
Earnings estimates for some of the nation's biggest banks look pretty dreadful compared to a year ago.
This Quarter Year Ago
Citigroup (-0.97) 1.03
Washington Mutual (-1.20) 1.10
Merrill Lynch (-4.57) 2.41
Bank of America 0.21 1.19
Wachovia 0.33 1.19
Wells Fargo 0.41 0.64
JPMorgan Chase 0.94 1.09
Source:Thomson Financial as of 1/11/2008

NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- Sometimes when it rains, it pours on Wall Street. And in the week ahead, forecasters are calling for a flood.

Beginning Monday, Wall Street will most likely find itself drowning in a torrent of dreary earnings news from some of the nation's biggest banks, marking yet another grim milestone for the troubled financial sector.

"It's not going to be a pretty sight," said Frank Barkocy, director of research at the investment advisory firm Mendon Capital Advisors in New York, which owns shares of a number of large banks including Bank of America and Washington Mutual.

Of the five banks and brokers scheduled to report results next week, three are expected to post a fourth-quarter loss - Merrill Lynch (MER, Fortune 500), Citigroup (C, Fortune 500) and Washington Mutual (WM, Fortune 500). JPMorgan Chase (JPM, Fortune 500) and Wells Fargo (WFC, Fortune 500) are expected to report a decline in quarterly earnings.

Since the summer, the nation's biggest banks have found themselves hamstrung by a host of problems, including tough conditions in the credit markets and ongoing woes in the housing sector as home prices fell and foreclosures rose.

The worst news is expected from Citigroup and Merrill. The two companies, which have both hired new CEOs and acquired capital infusions from foreign state-run investment funds in the past two months, are expected to take billions in writedowns, according to Wall Street estimates.

On Friday, the New York Times reported that Merrill would take a $15 billion writedown. There have also been reports that both Merrill and Citi are seeking further overseas investment that could be announced along with the quarterly results.

Some experts anticipate that the newly installed chief executives may look to take bigger markdowns on their toxic mortgage securities now in order to avoid even more charges throughout 2008.

"Banks like Citi and Merrill may be as conservative as they can," said David Easthope, senior analyst at independent research and consulting firm Celent LLC. "What investors hate is quarter after quarter of writeoffs."

Other banks have taken a preemptive approach, giving advance warning of dismal results. Last month, Washington Mutual, the nation's largest thrift, said it would report a loss in the fourth quarter, while also announcing it would slash its dividend and lay off more than 3,000 workers in an effort to shore up its capital.

Bank of America (BAC, Fortune 500), which is scheduled to report its results during the week of Jan. 21, also gave Wall Street plenty of warning that its results would not be good.

Speaking at a Goldman Sachs conference in New York last month, Bank of America CEO Kenneth Lewis said its quarterly earnings would be "disappointing", adding that he expected the company to take more than the originally estimated $3 billion in writedowns.

Bank of America may also have more to say about the deal struck Friday to acquire troubled mortgage lender Countrywide Financial for $4 billion in an all-stock transaction.

BofA's crosstown rival Wachovia (WB, Fortune 500) - both are headquartered in Charlotte, N.C. - is expected to report a steep drop in fourth-quarter earnings during the week of Jan. 21 as well.

Two banks that could buck the broader trend are JPMorgan Chase (JPM, Fortune 500) and Wells Fargo (WFC, Fortune 500), both of which report results next week.

While both firms are expected to post a decline in profits, their earnings shouldn't fall as much as their rivals. And executives at both firms have publicly stressed the health of their company's respective loan portfolios.

Granted, much of next week's focus will be on the size of the writedowns all the big banks take. But Wall Street analysts will also be watching several other key areas including the health of these companies' different businesses and the credit quality in their portfolios.

One area of concern among analysts covering mortgage-focused banks like Washington Mutual and Wells Fargo is how these companies' commercial real estate portfolios are holding up, an area that some suspect could be the next trouble spot in the credit markets.

"If it does happen, that's another whole leg down for these banks," said Paul Miller, an analyst with Friedman, Billings, Ramsey & Co., regarding the possibility of a commercial real estate slump.

Also in focus will be the bank's net interest margins - a key metric that measures the profits banks make from taking in deposits and lending them back out.

Recent cuts in short-term interest rates by the Federal Reserve would normally bode well for net interest margins because rate cuts usually allow the banks to offer lower yields on CDs and money markets. But competition for customers has been so tough that the banks have been unable to cut their deposit rates as much as they would have in the past.

Analysts think some banks may also view next week as an opportunity to announce major restructuring moves.

A number of reports have surfaced recently suggesting that Citigroup could cut as much as 10 percent of its workforce or reduce its dividend, which yields an attractive 7.6 percent.

And there has been speculation that both Citi and Merrill could sell some assets in order to raise additional capital. Merrill has already sold its consumer finance unit to General Electric Co. while reports have surfaced that Citi could shed its stakes in Student Loan Corp. or the Brazilian credit-card company Redecard SA.

Although it is certain that the results for the fourth quarter will be bleak, it doesn't look like the worst is over just yet. Banks will have to at endure at least another two quarters of pain before they start to see any relief, said Mendon Capital Advisors' Barkocy.

"Many [banks] are looking to the second half of the year to be significantly better than the first," he said.

But for bank stock investors, the second half of 2008 is an eternity away. To top of page

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Market indexes are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer The Dow Jones IndexesSM are proprietary to and distributed by Dow Jones & Company, Inc. and have been licensed for use. All content of the Dow Jones IndexesSM © 2014 is proprietary to Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Chicago Mercantile Association. The market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved. Most stock quote data provided by BATS.