(Fortune Magazine) -- Here's a strong opinion right upfront: High pay for outside directors of corporations guts the whole idea of these representatives of the shareholders making independent judgments. How does a board member challenge a CEO when the director is being paid oversize amounts likely to be important to his or her lifestyle?
Today, with executive pay making headlines generally, it's worth turning the spotlight on corporate directors: For them, what is "high pay," and who gets it? Specifics on this point have been sketchy, so Fortune did some research, starting with executive recruiter Spencer Stuart's 2008 data for 491 large and important companies. Those 491 paid their nonemployee directors an average of $213,000 in 2008. We next searched the proxy statements of the 23 companies in the survey whose average exceeded the nosebleed level of $400,000.
What we extracted is the information below, which spotlights 10 companies that pay their directors spectacularly. XTO Energy (XTO, Fortune 500), a Fort Worth oil and gas exploration company that Exxon Mobil (XOM, Fortune 500) recently announced it would buy, gets the prize. Or rather director Jack Randall, 60, got it, and it was $1.56 million in 2008 compensation -- more than seven times the average. Randall is not considered an "independent" director, because he's with securities firm Jefferies Group, which does business with XTO. Talking to Fortune, he said, "I like to think I act with independence." He added that he had "no indication" he doesn't.
Of the 10 companies, Chesapeake Energy (a competitor of XTO's) exhibits the most bizarre set of circumstances. In the first place, the high earner among Chesapeake's eight nonemployee directors in 2008 -- all of them classified as "independent" -- was Breene Kerr, a cousin of CEO Aubrey Kerr McClendon. Kerr (who, having turned 80, left the board this year) received $784,687. Second, all eight of the company's outside directors were paid richly in 2008, averaging $670,000. Third, they drew notorious attention because of their benevolent treatment of a reeling McClendon.
Bad judgment had done him in. An indefatigable bull on Chesapeake's (CHK, Fortune 500) stock through mid-2008, McClendon, now 50, bought heavily on margin, amassing a stake that at Chesapeake's July high of $72 a share exceeded $2 billion. In December the stock plunged to $10 as the credit crisis flared and petroleum prices plummeted. Two months earlier, margin calls had forced McClendon to sell almost all of his position, at prices between $13.60 and $24 a share. The sales clobbered his net worth.
Racing to the rescue like corporate first-responders, the Chesapeake board awarded McClendon a $75 million special bonus for 2008. Other compensation raised his total to $100 million, one of the highest figures in the land. Chesapeake's compensation committee issued a "rationale" for the bonus that stressed the board's wish to keep McClendon as CEO.
Asked by Fortune why Chesapeake pays its directors so much, McClendon said, "We have a very large and complex company, and we value our directors' time."
|Company||Highest-paid board member||2008 pay||Biggest source of pay|
|XTO Energy||Jack Randall, founder of Jefferies Group's oil and gas advisory business||$1,561,220||$750,000 that was a 3-for-1 matching gift made in Randall's name to the University of Texas|
|Freeport-McMoran Copper & Gold||B.M. Rankin Jr., private investor||$1,319,121||$891,001 for consulting on finance, accounting, and business development|
|Intuitive Surgical||Mark Rubash, CFO of Shutterfly||$1,087,428||Options valued at $1,042,928|
|Stryker||John Brown, chairman of the board and former Stryker CEO||$1,036,200||Options valued at $911,200|
|BJ Services||Don Jordan, CEO of Jordan Capital Management||$1,023,512||A $576,439 increase in value of vested pension benefits|
|People's United Financial||George Carter, chairman of the board; president of Connecticut Foods||$930,445||Stock and options valued at $631,905|
|BMC Software||Garland Cupp, private investor; chairman of BMC for most of 2008||$918,643||Options valued at $787,643|
|Chesapeake Energy||Breene Kerr, CEO of truck dealer Kerr Consolidated until it was sold in 1996||$784,687||Restricted stock valued at $466,040 and personal use of Chesapeake planes valued at $183,647|
|Apple||Millard Drexler, CEO of J. Crew||$713,566||Options valued at $639,300|
|Celgene||James Loughlin, former head of KPMG's pharmaceutical practice||$713,500||Options valued at $622,500|
|Ford Motor Co||8.29||0.05||0.61%|
|Advanced Micro Devic...||54.59||0.70||1.30%|
|Cisco Systems Inc||47.49||-2.44||-4.89%|
|General Electric Co||13.00||-0.16||-1.22%|
|Kraft Heinz Co||27.84||-2.20||-7.32%|
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