"Economic activity in the United States has continued to expand at a moderate, if somewhat uneven pace," he said, explaining why the Fed's bond buying program should continue.
Bernanke's promise of continued aid, coupled with positive economic data and robust corporate earnings, helped the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq end the day up between 0.4% and 0.8%.
Gold prices also rallied, rising nearly 2% in the biggest one-day jump this year. "Gold looks good today on Bernanke's reassurance of continued monetary accommodation," Jeffrey Nichols, a managing director at American Precious Metals Advisors wrote in a note to investors.
The S&P Case-Shiller index for the fourth quarter showed home prices jumped 7.3%, the third straight quarter of year-over-year gains. New home sales also jumped more than 15% in January, the sharpest monthly increase since July 2008.
Home improvement retailer Home Depot (Fortune 500) reported strong year-end results, providing more evidence of a , housing rebound. The company reported a 7% gain in same-store sales for the fourth quarter.
Consumer confidence also increased in February. The Conference Board's index showed that confidence jumped to 69.0 from 58.6 in January.
Shares of department store chain Macy's (Fortune 500) rose after the company reported a 20% increase in fourth quarter profits and a 3.7% increase in sales at stores open for more than one year. ,
Shares of Best Buy (Fortune 500) dropped more than 3% after the troubled electronic retailer announced that it would cut 400 jobs at its headquarters as part of a plan to slash $150 million in expenses. ,
JPMorgan Chase (Fortune 500) announced plans to cut costs at the bank. At the bank's annual investors day, , CEO Jamie Dimon said he plans to cut 4,000 positions in 2013 as part of the bank's plan to save $1 billion this year.
Shares of Priceline ( spiked after the bell following the company's fourth quarter results. The online travel site beat profit forecasts. )
First Solar ('s stock plunged in after hours trading, after the solar company's revenues missed expectations. )
On Tuesday, Italian politics took a backseat after dominating investor sentiment Monday.
Election results released by the Italian government late Monday showed a narrow victory for the center-left coalition headed by Pier Luigi Bersani in the lower house of parliament.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note edged lower to 1.87%, from 1.97% previously.
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|Overnight Avg Rate||Latest||Change||Last Week|
|30 yr fixed||4.41%||4.44%|
|15 yr fixed||3.33%||3.31%|
|30 yr refi||4.39%||4.41%|
|15 yr refi||3.31%||3.30%|
Today's featured rates: