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U.S. Institute of Peace
U.S. Institute of Peace
This program aims to be a "catalyst for empowering others to prevent, manage and resolve international conflict without resorting to violence," according to its website.

Republicans wanted funding for it eliminated entirely. Democrats fought hard, saying programs like this are strongly supported by the Defense Department as a vital way to achieve lasting peace.

In the end, about $10 million of the agency's 2010 budget of $50 million was eliminated.

NEXT: Administration on Aging
Last updated April 15 2011: 7:23 AM ET
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