Expert: U.S. should 'give up on the dollar'

chart_ws_currency_usd_eur.top.pngCilck the chart for more FX data. By Ben Rooney, staff reporter


NEW YORK (CNNMoney) -- The push to replace the U.S. dollar as the world's reserve currency has been gaining steam, with one expert arguing that America "must give up on the dollar."

In a Financial Times op-ed, Michael Pettis, a finance professor at Peking University, said U.S. policymakers should lead the charge to create a more diverse reserve system, "in which the dollar is simply first among equals."

The dollar has been the dominant reserve currency for decades, with central banks and other institutions around the world amassing vast reserves.

Pettis argues that this has resulted in dangerous trade imbalances that threaten to destabilize the global economy. He contends that countries such as China have been able to "game the system" by stockpiling dollars, which has allowed them to grab a larger share of global demand for goods and services.

At the same time, the U.S. economy has suffered as money rushes out of the country and into red-hot emerging markets. Pettis said this leaves the United States with a stark choice between further pain in the job market, as demand continues to shift overseas, or adding to already massive deficits to finance domestic growth.

"Americans, in other words, must choose between higher unemployment and higher debt," Pettis wrote.

As such, the United States may eventually need to force the rest of the world to gradually "disengage" from the dollar as a reserve currency if it continues to decline.

The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of currencies, has fallen 5% so far this year to around 74.80. That's down from a high near 87 in June of 2009, as jittery investors flocked to the dollar for safety.

However, there is not an obvious alternative to the dollar.

Pettis suggested that the euro could emerge over the next decade, since no other world currency has "the necessary characteristics to allow it plausibly to serve the needs of the global economy."

But he suggested that European officials would resist taking on the responsibility, since it would saddle the European Union with the same burdens currently facing the United States.

Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund has proposed a larger role for its special drawing rights, or SDRs, in the global reserve system.

SDRs represent potential claims on the currencies of IMF members. They were created by the IMF in 1969 and can be converted into whatever currency a borrower requires at exchange rates based on a weighted basket of international currencies. The IMF typically lends funds to countries denominated in SDRs.

The global monetary system and the dollar will be discussed this weekend as finance officials from the Group of 20 economies gather in Washington for the spring meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

The dollar found some support Friday as investors turned cautious ahead of possible policy changes stemming from this weekend's summit.

"Today's risk will come from sideline comments from the G20 and IMF meetings as well as the deluge of U.S. data," said Camilla Sutton, chief currency strategist at Scotia Capital.

Investors are also focused on the outlook for global interest rates, as central banks adjust to rising inflation.

China reported Friday that overall consumer prices rose 5% in March, as energy and food prices have surged. China's central bank has been gradually raising interest rates this year to help cool inflation.

In Europe, consumer prices rose 2.7% in March versus last year, according to data released Friday from EuroStat. The European Central Bank hiked interest rates last week for the first time since the 2008 financial crisis.

U.S. inflation also picked up in March, driven mainly by rising gas prices. Excluding food and energy prices though, inflation remains relatively tame.

While many investors and economists expect the Federal Reserve to maintain its low interest rate policy for some time, some central bank officials have been calling for a tighter stance to ward off inflation.

"The biggest risk to a change in the downward US dollar trend is a shift in stance at the Fed," said Sutton. "At some point the Fed will move away from emergency level interest rates and the US dollar will likely rally temporarily." To top of page

Frontline troops push for solar energy
The U.S. Marines are testing renewable energy technologies like solar to reduce costs and casualties associated with fossil fuels. Play
25 Best Places to find rich singles
Looking for Mr. or Ms. Moneybags? Hunt down the perfect mate in these wealthy cities, which are brimming with unattached professionals. More
Fun festivals: Twins to mustard to pirates!
You'll see double in Twinsburg, Ohio, and Ketchup lovers should beware in Middleton, WI. Here's some of the best and strangest town festivals. Play
Overnight Avg Rate Latest Change Last Week
30 yr fixed4.00%4.03%
15 yr fixed3.11%3.12%
5/1 ARM3.20%3.28%
30 yr refi4.09%4.12%
15 yr refi3.20%3.21%
Rate data provided
by Bankrate.com
View rates in your area
 
Find personalized rates:
Index Last Change % Change
Dow 17,719.00 33.27 0.19%
Nasdaq 4,701.87 26.16 0.56%
S&P 500 2,052.75 4.03 0.20%
Treasuries 2.34 -0.02 -0.68%
Data as of 6:01pm ET
Company Price Change % Change
Intel Corp 35.95 1.60 4.66%
Kinder Morgan Inc 39.92 -1.02 -2.49%
Bank of America Corp... 17.00 -0.06 -0.35%
Apple Inc 116.31 1.64 1.43%
Yahoo! Inc 51.25 0.67 1.32%
Data as of 4:04pm ET

Sections

There are some of the standout vehicles on display this year at the Los Angeles Auto Show. More

Reggie Gray is one of many former FedEx Ground drivers who say the company illegally classified them as independent contractors rather than employees. More

Sarah Lacy, the journalist at the center of Uber's latest controversy, says misogyny isn't something people 'just grow out of.' More

When President Obama announces plans for immigration reform tonight, the tech community hopes he'll address visa policies for high-skilled, legal immigrants. More

Nearly half of all Americans say there's a chance they'll have to work during a holiday between Thanksgiving and New Year's, according to a new poll. And one in four say they'll have to work whether they want to or not. More

Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer.

Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved.

Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved.

Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC 2014 and/or its affiliates.