Professor of economics, Yale University
My teacher in graduate school at MIT in 1970, Charles Poor Kindleberger, who later wrote "Manias, Panics, and Crashes," first convinced me of the social process that drives much of what goes on in speculative markets. One needs to think antisocially to excel in investing, to resist the patterns of thinking that seem mysteriously to arrive simultaneously in the minds of millions of people around the world.
People do not trust their own judgment but go along with the crowd, even when they can see truth. In a world populated with such people, there are investing opportunities for people who make the effort and do the work see clearly for themselves.
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