GM scraps deal to sell European arm

The automaker decides to hold onto Opel, saying business conditions have improved and pledging to restructure the units.

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LONDON(CNN) -- General Motors has decided to keep its European Opel unit, canceling the planned sale to Canadian firm Magna, the company said.

The GM board of directors said an improving business environment over the past few months and the importance of Opel and its British brand, Vauxhall, to GM's global strategy were reasons to retain Opel.

The board said it would begin restructuring its European operations "in earnest" instead, according to a news release issued late Tuesday.

GM's decision is a setback for Magna, which agreed to purchase Opel and Vauxhall in September in a deal brokered by German Chancellor Angela Merkel. General Motors said in March that it wanted to sell Opel after it reported an annual loss of $30.9 billion for 2008.

Magna issued a statement saying it will continue to support Opel and GM despite the canceled sale.

Opel, together with Vauxhaull, is the fourth-largest car brand in Europe after Volkswagen, Ford (F, Fortune 500), and Renault. It is also GM's largest-selling brand in Europe by far, representing more than 70% of GM's European sales.

Workers relieved. While GM's decision may still mean layoffs as it restructures its European businesses, it may safeguard jobs in the short-term.

Employees arriving at the Vauxhall plant Wednesday morning in Ellesmere Port, England, welcomed the news.

"I think it's a good idea, really, because a lot of people will have jobs," one employee told Sky News.

"We've had a three-day week now for ages," said another man. "We've lost money, so now we're going to start getting some back."

The head of the Unite union, which represents Vauxhall workers, said he was "absolutely delighted" that GM will retain ownership of the brand.

"GM was once the biggest company in the world and we have no reason to believe that it cannot restructure itself to address its present difficulties," Unite Joint General Secretary Tony Woodley said. "My worry is that they would be forced to spin off their U.K. business to Magna, which simply does not have the expertise to run a global car company."

Restructuring still on tap. Woodley said he knows restructuring is necessary, but he hopes the British government will now step in to help GM maintain its Vauxhall business.

British Business Secretary Peter Mandelson said the government would support GM's decision if it is sustainable. He said he wants to discuss GM's plans with the company.

GM promised to work with all the European labor unions on a plan for Opel's restructuring.

"While strained, the business environment in Europe has improved," said GM President and Chief Executive Fritz Henderson. "At the same time, GM's overall financial health and stability have improved significantly over the past few months, giving us confidence that the European business can be successfully restructured."

The Opel story. Opel is a German automaker that GM has owned since 1929, except for a period during Germany's Nazi era.

The initial plans to sell Opel called for Magna -- along with Russia's Sberbank -- to take over 55% of Opel. Opel's employees would own another 10%, leaving GM with just 35%.

The German government was involved in intense negotiations with GM and had publicly been pressing for the Magna deal.

Earlier this year, the German government loaned Opel $2.1 billion to assist with completing the deal with Magna. At the same time, 65% of Opel's stock was transferred into a trust controlled jointly by representatives of GM and the German government.

The German government has demanded that the money be returned by Nov. 30.

GM's Henderson thanked Germany for its role in negotiating the now-canceled sale.

"We are grateful for the hard work of the German and other EU governments in navigating this difficult economic period," he said. "We're also appreciative of the effort put forward by Magna and its partners in Russia in trying to reach an equitable agreement."

Opel was always going to be a part of GM's business because, in addition to being a car manufacturer, it has become the main source of engineering for GM's small and mid-sized cars.

Models such as the Chevrolet Malibu and the new Buick LaCrosse sedan share much of their engineering with Opel cars, as will several future models GM has planned for sale in the United States and other markets. To top of page

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