With 11 newcomers - several of them American expats gone to Europe - our list of the most powerful women in global business demonstrates their rise in male-dominated fields, from nuclear energy to mining to oil.
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14. Maria Ramos
CEOCountry: South Africa
2006 rank: 16
Ramos, 48, led Transnet through a restructuring, including disposing of national airline SA Airways. Her focus is on freight transport, using FedEx as a model. Profits rose 15% last year, to $1.5 billion, on $4 billion in sales.
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