Invest in India? Patience will pay off

@Money May 29, 2012: 3:05 PM ET
The challenges and investing opportunities presented by India -- a country of 1.2 billion people -- are vast indeed.

The challenges and investing opportunities presented by India -- a country of 1.2 billion people -- are vast indeed.

(MONEY Magazine) -- My great-grandfather left his little village in India more than a hundred years ago. When I visited it recently as part of a two-week reporting trip, I found that, except for the ubiquity of mobile devices, little had seemingly changed.

India is a land of contrasts and contradictions that make it difficult to assess as an investment opportunity. Hundreds of millions still live in villages, yet India is urbanizing faster than any nation except China: 45 Indian cities now have populations over 1 million. (The U.S. has nine.)

The economy has been growing at better than a 7% clip for years, more than double the global rate. Yet that might not be fast enough to reverse India's staggering poverty. More than half of the country's 1.2 billion people live on $2 a day or less.

The young and the restless

At the same time, India is getting richer. Over 50 million Indians have annual disposable incomes between $4,200 and $21,000, and this consumer class is expected to grow by a factor of 10 over the next decade or so.

India is also young: The median age is 26, and teens and young adults are digitally savvy and aspire to higher education. "We have the workforce for the world, not just for India," says Sam Pitroda, a famed telecom entrepreneur who advises the prime minister on infrastructure issues.

India is in the midst of a public building boom. The new airports are excellent, and the Delhi subway system is spectacular. Road construction has nearly doubled in the past few years, and the government wants to build faster. Yet corruption slows down everything. Simple transactions need layers of approval, providing opportunity for bribery that discourages foreign investment.

Among the hundreds of Indians I met from all walks of life, complaints about corruption and inefficiency were common. Still, there was also a sense of inevitability about the benefits that will come from a large, increasingly educated population.

"Unlike China," Pitroda says, "India's growth will be driven by domestic consumption."

Stocks for the long, long run

Does India belong in your portfolio? Yes, but you likely have enough exposure now through emerging-markets index funds (about 7% of assets are in India) and stocks of U.S. firms that do business there.

That said, I returned home convinced that by decade's end, India will be nearing economic greatness.

An aggressive, long-term investor should start buying during periods when stocks are falling. "India has four times the population of the U.S. but less than 10% of its per capita income," notes Jeremy Schwartz, director of research for WisdomTree, whose India Earnings (EPI) exchange-traded fund tracks 160 Indian stocks. "We think they're actually going to catch up over time."

Do you know a Money Hero? MONEY magazine is celebrating people, both famous and unsung, who have done extraordinary work to improve others' financial well-being. Nominate your Money Hero. To top of page

Index Last Change % Change
Dow 17,810.06 91.06 0.51%
Nasdaq 4,712.97 11.10 0.24%
S&P 500 2,063.50 10.75 0.52%
Treasuries 2.32 -0.02 -0.86%
Data as of 12:03am ET
Company Price Change % Change
Bank of America Corp... 17.12 0.12 0.71%
Kinder Morgan Inc 39.75 -0.17 -0.43%
Apple Inc 116.47 0.16 0.14%
Intel Corp 35.59 -0.36 -1.00%
Microsoft Corp 47.98 -0.72 -1.48%
Data as of Nov 21
Overnight Avg Rate Latest Change Last Week
30 yr fixed3.98%4.08%
15 yr fixed3.09%3.11%
5/1 ARM3.20%3.22%
30 yr refi4.06%4.16%
15 yr refi3.17%3.20%
Rate data provided
by Bankrate.com
View rates in your area
 
Find personalized rates:

Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer.

Morningstar: © 2014 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2014. All rights reserved.

Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved.

Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC 2014 and/or its affiliates.